Black Prince - an apricot with an unusual color
Everyone knows that apricot is a southern heat-loving culture. They tried to grow it in Central Russia for a long time, but this plant did not receive wide distribution there. The apricot blooms early, and return frosts are guaranteed to deprive the crop. Low winter hardiness did not allow to endure cold winters, and it was easier for gardeners to grow cherry plums and plums than to spend time and energy on a capricious southerner. But even IV Michurin began work on breeding apricot varieties that could successfully grow and bear fruit in the conditions of the Central strip and the Moscow region. As often happens, chance helped. Pollination of apricot with cherry plum gave fruits with an unusual color. The resulting hybrid was studied and refined. As a result, we now have a wonderful variety that grows and bears fruit stably in the conditions of the Middle Lane.
Description of the hybrid Black Prince
The hybrid grows in the form of a tree, up to 3-4 meters high. This greatly simplifies the care of the plant. The crown does not thicken. The leaves are small with a serrated edge. There are noticeable thorns on the skeletal branches, but they are rare, and appear in the sixth year of the tree's life. Small white-pink flowers bloom late, so they are practically not affected by recurrent frosts. The shade of the bark is dark green. High frost resistance and good disease resistance make this variety promising for growing in regions much to the north of the traditional apricot variety. The fruit can rival nectarines in taste.
The Black Prince variety has a wonderful taste.
Their pleasant sweet and sour taste is complemented by piquant astringency. The pronounced aroma of apricot is successfully combined with notes of plum and peach. The skin is dark burgundy; when fully ripe, it becomes brownish. The pulp is reddish-orange, very juicy. Fruit size from 60 to 80 gr. The bone is small and not completely separated. Handles transportation better than apricot. To do this, you need to pluck them a little unripe. Depending on the region, it ripens from the second half of July to mid-August. Ripe fruits may crumble.
Ripe fruits have an apricot flavor, and unripe ones have cherry plums.
Most black apricot varieties are only suitable for processing. The jam from them turns out to be amazing in taste. The fruits of the Black Prince differ favorably from other varieties in that they are good both fresh and in preparations (jams, compotes, marshmallows).
In different sources, the data on the need for a pollinator for the Black Prince differ. Some say that this is a self-fertile culture, while others are self-fertile. In any case, many stone fruit crops are grown in the gardens, and plum, blackthorn, cherry plum, common apricot or its black-fruited varieties can become pollinators.
Planting a tree
In order for the plant to delight you with abundant fruiting, it is important to choose the right place for planting. Best of all, if it is a sunny place protected from northern winds, on a hill, where there is no nearby groundwater. Soils can be any, but it should be remembered that on heavy clay soils, the yield will be much less. When planting several seedlings, the distance between them should be at least 2–2.5 meters. In addition, it is necessary to remember about plant compatibility. Since the Black Prince is obtained from crossing crops such as apricot and cherry plum, their neighborhood, as well as plums or blackthorns, will not oppress the plant. The close proximity of apple and pear is undesirable as well as berry bushes. And a nut growing nearby will suppress any of its neighbors, whether it is a stone fruit or a seed crop. Do not plant vegetable plants nearby. They need more frequent watering, and this negatively affects the winter hardiness of the tree.
The timing of planting seedlings depends on the region. In spring, it is best to do this when the snow has already melted, and the soil has not yet fully warmed up. Usually this time falls on the end of April - beginning of May. In the southern regions it gets warmer earlier, at the end of March or in April. Spring planting is preferable, since in this case the plant survival rate is maximum. In autumn, the most favorable time for this will be the end of September - October, but only in the southern regions. The survival rate in this case is lower than in the spring. In Central Russia, the Central regions and the Moscow region, autumn planting is undesirable, since the seedlings do not have time to take root before the onset of cold weather, and freeze in winter. Closed-root plants can be planted throughout the season, from April to October. When planting in hot weather, it is necessary to mulch the hole with peat, pine needles or grass. This will reduce moisture evaporation and prevent the roots from overheating.
When choosing a seedling, pay attention to the condition of its roots. If they are poorly developed, dried out or damaged, then it is better to refuse such an acquisition. At home, place the seedling in a bucket of water for 1–2 hours. You can add a root stimulator (according to the instructions). If planting is not planned immediately, then dip the roots in a clay mash and wrap them in wet burlap. Or dig in a seedling.
1. For planting, a hole is dug about 80–90 cm wide and about 80 cm deep. If the soil on the site is heavy, clayey, then the size can be increased to one meter, with a mandatory drainage device. A layer of broken brick is poured onto the bottom.
A hole of the required size is dug
2. Fertile soil, peat and sand are mixed in equal amounts. Wood ash is added (approx. 2 kg). It is better not to apply fertilizers and manure, since the plant reacts poorly to their excess. A hill is made in the pit from the prepared mixture. A seedling is placed on it, and its roots are carefully straightened. Observe the position of the root collar when planting. Sitting too high is just as bad as being too low. In the first case, the roots are bare and dry, in the second, the plant will grow poorly and may die. The optimum distance is 3-5 cm from the soil level.
Straighten the roots and sprinkle with earth
3. The remaining fertile soil mixture is poured into the pit and compacted so that there is no void under the roots. This is done carefully so as not to damage them.
We compact the earth, but not very much
4. Along the edge of the planting hole, a roller is poured from the earth so that the plant can be watered. For a seedling, 2-3 buckets of water will be enough. After watering, the soil in the hole is mulched with a layer of peat, coniferous litter or sawdust. This is done to reduce moisture evaporation. In hot weather, mulch prevents the roots from overheating.
Well mulching is good for rooting.
Growing the Black Prince is no more difficult than any other tree. Agrotechnical techniques are known to everyone: watering, pruning and feeding. But you should pay attention to some of the nuances. First of all, this applies to plant feeding. The Black Prince does not react well to excessive fertilization, especially nitrogen-containing ones. Therefore, organic matter should be introduced only at the beginning of the growing season and a minimum amount. For this purpose, you can use compost or well-rotted manure. Bird droppings are categorically unsuitable, as they contain a lot of nitrogen. Phosphorus and potash fertilizers are applied minimally during the period of crop formation.
Water the plant sparingly, but often. The Black Prince does not tolerate a lack of moisture, and its excess can lead to decay of the roots. After harvesting, the frequency of watering is reduced. This makes it possible for the young growth of branches to mature before the onset of cold weather. For the same reason, it is impossible to plant vegetable crops under the trees, which have to be watered more often than the tree requires.
A feature of the variety is that the crown of the tree thickens a little. In spring and autumn, sanitary pruning is carried out when frozen, broken or diseased branches are removed. The crown should be formed in the first 3-4 years after planting. Then only if necessary, when weak and growing inward shoots are removed.
Formative pruning begins at planting
In young seedlings in late autumn, it is better to insulate the base of the trunk with foliage, peat or spruce branches. This will prevent freezing, especially if the winter has little snow. When the snowdrifts are large, then at the beginning of spring it is necessary to remove some of the snow from the trunk, leaving 40-50 centimeters. A thicker cover will have a negative effect on the lower part of the plant.
Diseases and pests
The Black Prince has a high resistance to fungal diseases, but, unfortunately, not absolute. In addition, the garden contains a variety of trees that may be more susceptible to various infections. Under favorable conditions (high temperature and humidity), the risk of their spread to other plants increases. The Black Prince's infections are the same as those of common apricot or other stone fruit crops.
Table: apricot diseases and their treatment
Photo gallery: fungal diseases of apricot
Insect pests that can appear on the apricot:
Aphid Is one of the most common pests in our gardens. A large number of ants on the site contributes to its dispersal very quickly, and the fertility of aphids is such that tens of generations appear during the season. To combat these sucking insects, drugs such as Karbofos, Fitoverm and others are used (according to the instructions). The appearance of aphids in a period when the crop will soon need to be harvested makes it impossible to use chemicals. In this case, folk remedies to combat this pest will come to the rescue. You can treat the plant with soapy water (dish detergent or laundry detergent), but it is better to use laundry or tar soap. Grate a piece (100 gr) on a coarse grater and pour a bucket of water. When the soap is soaked, the solution is stirred and the plants are treated with it. A good effect is given by the use of wood ash infusion (1 glass per 5 liters of water). Insist for a day, then add 1-2 tablespoons of detergent (for better adhesion). You can use hot peppers, horseradish or garlic. Processing with such infusions is safe for humans and destructive for aphids. Finely chopped roots and horseradish leaves are poured with boiling water in a ratio of 1: 2. After a day, strain, add 1-2 tablespoons of detergent and use. Hot pepper (1-2 pods) finely chop and pour 1 liter of boiling water. After 10-15 hours, strain and add a spoonful of detergent. Peel the garlic (1 large or 1-2 medium heads), pass through a garlic press, pour a liter of boiling water. When the infusion has cooled, strain it and add the detergent.
Weevils, scale insects, moths and other pests can move to the apricot from neighboring trees. To destroy them, drugs such as Decis, Intavir, Aktara, etc. are used (according to the instructions). If the use of chemicals is not desirable, then a garlic-soap solution tested by many generations of gardeners will come to the rescue. Garlic is passed through a garlic press, laundry or tar soap is rubbed on a coarse grater and water is added in a ratio of 1: 1: 3. After a few hours, the solution is stirred, filtered and sprayed on the plant.
Everyone knows that diseases are easier to prevent than to cure. This is also true for plants. Timely removal of plant debris, sanitary pruning and gardening in late autumn and early spring will significantly reduce the risk of infection or pests.
Reviews of this variety of black apricot
Black-fruited apricot varieties are still not widespread in the gardens of Central Russia, although they are no longer a novelty in the Crimea, the North Caucasus and the Kuban. Someone is stopped by a lack of information and the risk of buying a pig in a poke from an unscrupulous seller. And if it is not difficult to find out more about this wonderful variety, then difficulties may arise with the purchase of a seedling of this particular plant. But if your friends or neighbors have such a tree, then grafting on plums, cherry plums or their seedlings will be a good way out of this situation. Apricot Black Prince will become the highlight of your garden collection and will give you and your loved ones the opportunity to enjoy the taste of this wonderful fruit.
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Apricot Amur (Amur): description of an early variety, photos, reviews
Apricot Cupid is one of the winter-hardy varieties that can be grown even in the climatic conditions of the Far East. The culture is unpretentious and does not need special care (with the exception of a winter shelter). Gives a stable harvest, reaching 30-35 kg per tree. Fruits for universal use. They can be used fresh and for various blanks.
- Breeding history
- Description of the Amur apricot variety and characteristics
- Frost resistance of early Amur apricot
- Ripening time and yield
- Scope of the fruit
- Advantages and disadvantages of the variety
- Reproduction methods
- Planting and caring for apricots
- Terms and conditions of boarding
- How to plant correctly
- Follow-up care
- Diseases and pests
- Reviews of summer residents with a photo about the Amur apricot variety
Description of the variety
The Black Prince tomato variety was entered into the State Register in 2000; the originator was NPK NK. LTD ". It is intended for cultivation in protected and open ground, but since it is indeterminate and mid-season, the region should be taken into account when planting:
- in the southern regions, the variety will have time to ripen in the garden
- in the middle lane requires placement at least under a film cover
- in Siberia and beyond the Urals, it yields exclusively in a greenhouse - in the beds, most of the fruits will not have time to color before frost.
Description of the bush and fruit
The black prince forms a tall, medium leafy bush with a strong stem. Without garters, the shoots lie on the ground or break under the weight of the fruit. The leaves are large, narrow, grayish-green, not too dense.
It will take 100-115 days from the moment the shoots emerge to the staining of the tomatoes on the lower brushes. The fruits of the Black Prince are round, slightly flattened at the poles, slightly ribbed, juicy. The fluid in the seed chambers is greenish. The pulp and peel are tender, which reduces the transportability and keeping quality of tomatoes.
The color of the fruit is actually not black, but burgundy with chocolate, uneven, darker in the upper part.
The taste of the fruit is sweet, the aroma is rich. According to gardeners' reviews, tomatoes are suitable for consumption when incomplete ripening - when the area near the stalk has not lost its green color. Some people think the fruit tastes better at this point.
Tomatoes are good for fresh consumption, juices and winter salads. It is not recommended to preserve them - the skin bursts during heat treatment.
Fruit weight ranges from 100 to 300 g, the largest specimens ripen on the lower clusters. When keeping a tomato in 1 trunk and rationing the ovaries, it is possible to grow tomatoes weighing more than 400 g. The yield, as for an indeterminate variety with a bush height in the greenhouse exceeding 2 m, is small:
- in the open field, 1.5-3 kg are harvested from one plant,
- protected - maximum 5 kg.
Features of the
The variety is indeterminate, with unlimited growth; in the open field, spontaneous edging of a tomato often happens - the upper part of the main trunk dries out. This usually occurs at a height of 110-120 cm, and is not a problem, but rather simplifies maintenance. All tomatoes in open beds will not have time to ripen, and so the lower ones will get more nutrition, they will be larger, tastier.
Description and characteristics of the variety
Apricot Black Prince is a tall bush or small tree growing up to 4 m.The crown shape is spreading, compact and not prone to thickening. After several years of growth, sharp thorns form on it, which interfere with the collection of fruits.
- Branches grow from the trunk of a tree.
- The bark is dark, has a green tint.
- The stalk of the leaves is small and narrow.
- The leaf shape is slightly elongated, the edge is uneven with small teeth.
- The flowers are light with a pink tint. Includes stamen and pistil, capable of self-pollination.
To increase the yield of apricot, it is necessary to plant any kind of cherry plum or plum in one area, providing better pollination and subsequent fruit setting.
Fruits are large, from 40 to 85 g. The farther south the growing area, the larger the fruit. The color is dark plum, darkens closer to ripening. The skin is thin and can be easily separated. The pulp is rich in dark yellow color with burgundy blotches, the taste is juicy and aromatic with a slight sourness, the stone is separated with difficulty.
The Black Prince apricot produces a stable harvest every year, starting from the second year after planting. It blooms in late spring and therefore is not afraid of repeated frosts. The harvest period is from late July to August, depending on the region of growth. One tree can be harvested up to 30 kg.
After ripening, the fruits themselves crumble. For their collection, it is better to choose a time shortly before ripening. This ensures better storage and transportation.
The fruits of the Black Prince are excellent for preserving and making marshmallows, preserves and other preparations from them. Their characteristic sour taste gives the dish a pleasant shade and delicate aroma.
The plant resists well common fungal diseases for its species, such as:
An overview of the Black Prince apricot variety is presented in the video below:
Disease and pest control
Prevention is the plant's best defense. For this:
- In the fall, the garden is cleared of leaves. This prevents the proliferation of pests. The foliage is burned and the ash is used as fertilizer.
- Sick and dried branches are removed, and the crown is also regularly thinned out. The procedure is carried out before the onset of cold weather or in early spring. The branches are burned.
- To protect the plant from pests, the trunk and large branches are whitewashed with special garden paints.
- To protect trees from rodents in winter, the trunks are wrapped with roofing material.
- Before the appearance of the first leaves, the tree is treated with a solution of copper sulfate.
- Protect the plant from insects with a trapping belt.
- It is treated with systemic fungicides to prevent fungal diseases.
If you follow simple recommendations, Black Velvet will delight you with an abundant harvest of tasty, juicy fruits.