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Photo of gardenia jasmine or August

Photo of gardenia jasmine or August


Photos of indoor plants Published: February 27, 2012 Reprinted: Last edits:

Briefly about leaving

We do not allow direct sunlight - the lighting is bright, but diffused. The temperature throughout the year should be 20-24 degrees and should not fall below 16. Watering is very careful - do not fill the plant, but also do not let the earth dry out. It is advisable to spray the gardenia regularly, and wipe the leaves with a damp soft cloth or sponge.

Gardenia is not fed only in winter, the rest of the time, fertilizers are applied twice a month (organic and mineral in turn). Pruning is carried out at a third of the length of the shoots immediately after flowering. The rest period is one and a half to two months in winter. Propagated by apical cuttings in summer and spring, the transplant is carried out at the same time, if necessary.

Read more about gardenia care

Photos of popular species

Gardenia jasmine or Augusta.

In the photo: Gardenia jasminoides / gardenia jasminoides (Augusta)

In the photo: Gardenia jasminoides / gardenia jasminoides (Augusta)

In the photo: Gardenia jasminoides / gardenia jasminoides (August)

In the photo: Gardenia jasminoides / gardenia jasminoides (Augusta)

In the photo: Gardenia jasminoides / gardenia jasminoides (Augusta)

In the photo: Gardenia jasminoides / gardenia jasminoides (Augusta)

In the photo: Gardenia jasminoides / gardenia jasminoides (August)

Literature

  1. Read the topic on Wikipedia
  2. Features and other plants of the family Madder
  3. List of all species on The Plant List
  4. More information on World Flora Online
  5. Indoor Plants Information

Sections: Houseplants Beautiful flowering Plants on G Photos of plants


Gardenia. Gardenia. Growing and care

The native land of shrubs of the extensive genus Gardenia is the tropical and subtropical regions of Africa and Asia. The most famous of the species is Gardenia jasminoides, originating from China. Its white disc-shaped flowers, as a rule, are double, have a diameter of up to 3 cm and leathery leaves smell great.

Gardenia. Accommodation and care

Gardenias prefer very warm, bright, sunlit places and high humidity. The best place for them is a built-in window flower garden or a winter garden with a soil and air temperature of about 20-22 "C. In winter, 16-18 ° C is enough for gardenias, while the watering regime should be strictly observed. Plants should not be too wet. For 3-4 months before flowering, that is, around the end of March - early April, you should withstand a 4-6 week dormant period.At this time, gardenias should be watered very little to achieve proper bud development.Gardenias are very sensitive to drafts, so you can only ventilate on hot days.

Gardenia transplant

For transplantation, take a loose, moisture-permeable mixture of sod land, coarse peat and sand. When an earthy clod is rooted, gardenias are well tolerated by frequent fertilizing with fertilizers containing various nutrients, but the concentration must be very precise. Mature plants can be rejuvenated in early spring by pruning.

Reproduction of gardenia

Reproduction. Exclusively apical cuttings, and they must be semi-ripe, that is, not soft and not lignified. The most suitable time for breeding is from January to March or from June to August. Cuttings root only at a soil temperature of 22-25 ° C and in a closed container atmosphere.

Features of the... Previously, the cultivation period from rooting of cuttings to flowering took 2-3 years, now it has been reduced to 12-18 months. Breeding timing and pruning play a special role in shortening this period.

Gardenia pests, diseases

At too low temperatures and high humidity, plants often suffer from chlorosis (leaf discoloration). The leaves turn yellow even if the plant lacks iron, which is necessary for the formation of chlorophyll. In case of chlorosis, plants are watered with water with the addition of ferrous sulfate (1 g per 1 liter of water). If the air is too dry, pests such as leaf aphids, scale insects and spider mites can spread.

In various parts of the jasmine gardenia, the carotenoid glycoside crocin is found, which exhibits choleretic activity. Traditionally used gardenia fruit extracts have been shown to lower blood pressure.

In folk medicine, a number of countries use the fruits and roots of gardenia in the form of decoctions, using them as an anti-inflammatory, antipyretic, hemostatic agent, as well as for jaundice, skin diseases (pemphigus), esophagus, mastitis, stomatitis, tonsillitis. Relatively smaller fruits are effective for lung diseases and fever externally - for wound healing. Larger crushed gardenia fruits are applied to wounds and bruises, injuries, burns, tumors. Decoctions of fruits and roots are also used to treat ulcers of the lips and mouth, dysentery, nosebleeds, hematuria, bloody vomiting, hepatitis, epidemic flu, mastitis and nephritis.

In traditional Chinese medicine, gardenia is used as an antispastic agent for headaches and respiratory diseases, inflammation of the biliary tract and gastrointestinal tract, as a diuretic for kidney diseases, as a symptomatic remedy for insomnia and fatigue.


How to care for jasmine gardenia

Plant care is about creating a comfortable environment for it. In a living space, the desired microclimate in a limited volume is achieved by constant care for the flower. In this case, it is necessary to create:

  • correct lighting
  • temperature conditions
  • watering and microclimate
  • substrate and nutrition
  • transplant.

The main condition is the absence of sharp climatic changes to which the jasmine gardenia reacts painfully.

A place with good diffused light is chosen for a long time. The flower is not only rearranged, you cannot turn it, otherwise it will drop the buds. Therefore, the south-west and south window on hot days with shading will be just right. The flower favorably refers to the open balcony and loggia and even the terrace in front of the house. In winter, gardenias need illumination with a fluorescent or LED lamp, the air heats up from an incandescent lamp.

Observance of the temperature regime of gardenia jasmine in care is strictly required. In summer, the plant blooms at a temperature not higher than 22-24 0 C. A plant exposed to fresh air is brought into the room before flowering and the desired temperature is created. In winter, buds are formed on the shoots. At a temperature of 16-18 0 there will be a lot of them. And if the temperature is higher, branches will begin to grow to the detriment of the formation of fruit buds.

The subtropical plant needs moist air. In caring for jasmine gardenia at home, this is achieved by spraying the leaves, but the buds and flowers must remain dry. The evaporator, a nearby aquarium or a tray with a damp substrate and stones, on which the pot is installed, will save the situation.

Special requirements for irrigation water. Hard water, from which scale builds up on the kettle, is unsuitable. Only soft, settled, river or rainwater can be used to moisten a clod of earth. In summer, the flower is watered often. If the drainage allows excess moisture to pass through, there should be no stagnation. In winter, watering is carried out in moderation, but without drying out the coma.

Its moisture capacity and nutrition of the root system depend on the composition of the soil. Therefore, after buying a plant, and every time the land is depleted, the jasmine gardenia needs a transplant. The substrate is prepared sour, on the basis of heather or peat-coniferous soil.

You can take ready-made soil for azaleas, or you can make up in equal parts:

  • horseback red peat
  • coniferous forest land
  • deciduous land
  • coarse sand
  • sod land.

Drainage is carried out from expanded clay, which must first be boiled, removing salts from the pores. The soil should be acidified and a little natural lemon juice is added to the irrigation water 2 times a month.

Chelated iron salts are used as a flower feed, since the plant needs this element more. All dressings exclude calcium and magnesium, since they will make the soil unusable, the plant will have to be replanted. During the growing season, the jasmine gardenia needs phosphorus - potassium fertilizers. Nitrogen is needed to build up green mass. But everything is good in moderation. Excess salts not absorbed by the plant poison the soil.

Gradually, the root system grows, the soil becomes poor, the drainage pores are silted up, and a gardenia jasmine-like transplant is required.

Any transplanting of the plant during the growing season will result in shedding of the buds. Therefore, even a purchased flower is transplanted at a time when the buds and flowers have not yet appeared. But if you need to save the jasmine gardenia, then the flowering will have to be sacrificed.

The plant is transplanted after autumn flowering, that is, in late autumn and until early February. For small bushes, the transshipment method is used. It is not necessary to reload it annually, the main thing is that the lump is completely shrouded in roots and retains its shape.

Large bushes free the old earth from the coma, shaking it off. The roots are pruned, treated with activated carbon, a root formation stimulant and placed in the same dish after replacing the substrate. You need to install the pot in a permanent place.


Optimal growing conditions

To achieve the desired effect, you need to know what kind of indoor microclimate the jasmine gardenia needs, and what soil should be used for planting. It is also recommended that you familiarize yourself with the basic rules of care.

Lighting

Gardenia jasmine belongs to the category of light-loving plants, it needs a bright diffused light... But you should not allow direct sunlight to hit the leaves of the flower, otherwise there is a high probability of a burn. The best place to place a flowerpot with this exotic plant is east and west facing windows.

When growing a gardenia, you need to know that it is not advisable to transfer it often from one place to another, especially at the stage of laying the buds. Otherwise, the flowers die. Given the short daylight hours in winter, the plant is supplemented using LED or fluorescent lighting devices for these purposes.

Temperature

Gardenia jasmine is also a thermophilic plant. In the spring-summer period, the recommended temperature for it is in the range of 22-24 degrees. But in winter, the indicators should be in the range of 18-20 degrees, the minimum allowable is 16 degrees. Budding is most effective at a temperature of 18 degrees, but at the same time, the level of soil moisture and its temperature should be controlled; it should not be damp and cold.

For ornamental culture, a sharp change in the microclimate is painful. The level of humidity at the stage of bud formation should be high, at low - their growth stops, which provokes the fall of flowers.

Wet expanded clay in the pallet has a positive effect on the gardenia, but it is not recommended to allow the bottom of the flowerpot to come into contact with water, otherwise the root system may rot.


Gardenia jasmine

It seems that the flowers gardeniassculpted from fine wax. They also have a strong, sweet tropical fruit aroma. Well, how not to be tempted and not buy such a beauty!

When you bring her home, you suddenly find that beauty requires sacrifice. Yes, the trend is this: the more beautiful the plant, the more terrible the victim. To tell that gardenia too capricious and demanding, it would be too diplomatic. Her character is disgusting, and it is extremely difficult to grow her.

What might she not like? Yes, everything! Overfilling, underfilling, too much sun, too little sun, too humid air, too dry air, very hot, very cold, overfeeding, underfeeding, too acidic earth, too alkaline earth, stagnant air or, conversely, drafts. And this is not a complete list of reasons that can lead to the fact that the foliage of a gardenia will turn yellow and fall off, or the plant will heartlessly shed its buds just before flowering.

And gardenia is also very fond of pests, and it is susceptible to all kinds of diseases. If you have been growing gardenia for a long time, and have not noticed anything like this, then you are just incredibly lucky. If you just bought it, tune in to a long "manual adjustment" of growing conditions and be prepared for disappointment.

'Crown Jewel' - Terry, blooms in May-June, once.

‘Heaven Scent’ - an upright variety, about 90-120 cm high, the leaves are large, glossy, dark green. The bloom is exceptionally abundant.

‘Jubilation’ - Terry, re-flowering, 90-120 cm high.

'Pinwheel' - rounded, 90-120 cm tall, with large flowers and dark green shiny leaves.

‘Radicans’ - compact cultivar of rounded shape, 30-60 cm high. Flowers are white, double. Waterlogging of the soil must not be allowed.

'Radicans Variegata' - leaves with a cream border. Frequently reverses, that is, reverts to its normal parent green appearance.

‘Veitchii’ - densely branched bush 50-80 cm high. It is often called always blooming - for repeated flowering. Double flowers, large.

'White Gem' Is one of the most popular non-double container gardenias. The form is erect, in adulthood - no higher than 60 cm.

Other terry varieties

‘Aimee Yoshida’, ‘August Beauty’, ‘Billie Holiday’, ‘Chuck Hayes’ (semidouble), ‘Fortuniana’, ‘Michael’, ‘Mystery’.

Non-double varieties

Daisy, Daruma, Grif Select, Kleim Hardy, Shooting Star.

Gardenia is photophilous and thermophilic; for good development and flowering from May to November, it needs full lighting. Fragrant flowers open in sunny weather. Shade this sissy in the summer from direct sunlight, otherwise burns on the leaves are possible.

Sudden fluctuations in temperature can cause buds to fall off. In summer, it should be within 18-22 degrees C, in winter - at least 16 degrees. The gardenia is watered with soft water at room temperature, avoiding the gulf and drying out of the earthen coma. In winter, water less often so that the soil dries out between waterings.

When planting, good drainage is required; soil for azaleas is suitable from ready-made mixtures. Frequent spraying is necessary at all times, especially in spring and summer. At the same time, try to cover the flowers and buds from moisture. Pruning is recommended after flowering and before transplanting.

Gardenia varieties reaching a height of a meter or more can be given a standard shape. To do this, the stem is attached to the support, as it grows, all side shoots are removed from it, leaving the leaves. When the plant reaches the desired height, the growth point is removed and a beautiful crown is formed.

CARE RECOMMENDATIONS

Watering is plentiful in summer, moderate in winter. Frequent spraying.

Transplant every 2-3 years. Spring pruning.


Transplant and reproduction

A gardenia transplant at a young age is done every year. Older plants can be replanted every two years. To ensure good root growth, the flower is transferred to a slightly larger pot each time. It is best to replant your gardenia in early spring, before the growing season.

The soil for the plant should be acidic, pH from 4 to 5. Before transplanting a young gardenia jasmine, it is advisable to check the pH level. This is not difficult to do, you need to conduct a simple home test: the prepared soil is poured with water and, when it drains, a test strip is lowered there, the color of which is compared with a standard scale.

You can propagate a flower in two ways - from seeds and cuttings. The first method is suitable for those who are just going to have this wonderful home flower. Seed material can be bought at the store, it is inexpensive. The seeds are pre-soaked in water, then planted in the ground.The soil should be acidic and moist, ready-made soil for flowering plants or soil with sand and peat is suitable. The container into which the landing is carried out should be wide enough and not very deep.

Seeds are planted in the ground to a depth of about five centimeters, watered with water and covered with plastic wrap to retain moisture. The optimum temperature for seed growth is 24 degrees. The first shoots appear in about a month, a little more than half of all seeds germinate. When three leaves grow on the stems, the plants are transplanted into pots with a diameter of about ten centimeters.

Growing and propagating by cuttings is a more popular method, especially since the jasmine gardenia requires periodic crown formation. Plants are pruned in early spring or fall when flowering ends. For reproduction, an apical stalk about ten centimeters long is taken, 3-4 leaves are left on it, the rest are removed.

For better rooting, the cutting should be immersed in a solution of a special phytohormone for a few seconds. Then it is planted in the soil for flowering plants or in a mixture of sand and peat. Rooting is best done in moist soil with a temperature of about 25 degrees, so the twig should be watered regularly and protected from drafts and hypothermia. After the root system is formed, the flower is transplanted. Jasmine gardenia takes root quite well if it is properly cared for.


Gardenia - popular species

A large number of amazing varieties of gardenia grow in their natural habitat, but only the jasmine gardenia has taken root at home.

  1. Hawaiian or forest
    Grown in gardens or parks. Pleases with rare flowers with six petals.
  2. Keeled
    A beautiful tree with a neat crown and beautiful flowers of cream and light orange shades.
  3. CITRIODORA
    Received this name because of the delicate citrus aroma of small white flowers. This is a very rare and beautiful shrub that is a wonderful decoration for a winter garden or park.
  4. Gardenia globular (GLOBOSA)
    An ornamental spherical bush that grows up to two meters in height. It differs from other species in its outlandish flower shape. They resemble bells and have a sweet vanilla aroma.


Diseases and pests of indoor gardenias

The main problems of gardenia in home care are diseases and pests. The plant can be attacked by aphids, insects from the order of thrips, scale insects, spider mites. Various types of insecticides are used to combat. If the colony of insects is large, then you can spray it once a week, but preferably no more than three times in total.

Jasmine gardenia is a very beautiful but moody flower. And if you treat it with due attention, you will get magnificent white flowers with an amazing smell, the petals of which can be added to tea as a flavoring agent.


Watch the video: The Best Place to Plant a Gardenia Bush