We sow parsley before winter and get an early harvest of greens
Cold-resistant crops, characterized by a long period of germination of seeds, try to sow before winter, so that shoots appear sooner in spring. Traditionally, in late autumn, many gardeners sow vegetables such as parsley or carrots, getting earlier vitamin products from this.
When to plant parsley before winter
Parsley from autumn sowing is more frost-resistant, the first greens can be cut off almost a month earlier than with spring sowing, and root crops have time to grow to solid sizes by August. But it is important not to miss the sowing dates and not to sow seeds earlier than a certain time: you need to guess so that the seeds in the soil before frost only have time to swell, but have not hatched yet. If sowed too early, seedlings may appear before winter and then die. It is better to sow later, but not wait until the ground is petrified and covered with snow.
Parsley is very cold-resistant, but young shoots that appear in late autumn will not survive frost
This situation may occur in October or November. But even year after year is not necessary: instead of the beginning of winter, torrential rains can charge, then the traditional sowing dates must be shifted. An approximate reference point is a persistent cold snap to +2 .. + 3 aboutDuring the day, with the transition of temperature to negative values at night.
Sowing is best done on a sunny day, when the soil is already seized by an ice crust in the morning, and thaws by lunchtime.
The optimal sowing dates in the regions differ slightly and roughly look like this:
- south of the country (Stavropol Territory, Kuban) - November;
- Middle Volga region, Chernozem region - end of October;
- middle band - mid-October;
- North-West region, Ural and Siberia - sowing, depending on the weather, can begin as early as mid-September or a little later.
How to sow parsley in the fall
There is nothing difficult in podzimny sowing, but it must be borne in mind that in autumn they spend twice as much seeds as in spring, sowing is carried out denser: not every seed will survive until spring. The entire course of work consists of only a few stages.
- They choose a place in advance, taking into account the soil and predecessors. It is better to sow parsley in neutral or slightly acidic soil after onions, garlic or tomatoes, and optimally after green manure (oats, mustard, lupine, etc.). So that the seedlings appear sooner, the garden bed is prepared from the south side, in a well-lit place.
Pre-sowing of some herbs - siderates - significantly heals the soil and prepares it for sowing garden crops
- In advance, in good weather, they carefully dig up the soil, adding 1 m2 a bucket of humus, a glass of ash and a pinch of superphosphate.
When digging a bed, it is important to remove all rhizomes of perennial weeds from the soil
- Immediately after digging, grooves are prepared 10-15 cm apart, 3-4 cm deep, dry sand is poured into the grooves in a layer of 1-1.5 cm.
The seed furrows can be marked with a rake or a special tool
- To prevent the bed from being washed out before sowing, cover it with oilcloth, roofing felt, cardboard or dry grass. Several buckets of dry soil are harvested for backfilling crops.
In autumn, there can be inclement weather, so the prepared bed must be kept unchanged before sowing the seeds.
- On the day of sowing, they remove the shelter from the garden bed and sow parsley seeds into the grooves. Sow thickly. The seeds are small, it will not be possible to decompose one by one, so you can mix them with dry sand.
After the emergence of shoots, you still have to thin out the parsley, so in the fall they sow it quite thickly
- The seeds are covered with harvested soil, after which they cover the bed for the winter with branches, straw or any other material that holds snow well. It is not necessary to water the crops or furrows before sowing seeds.
Serious warming of the parsley bed is not required, so any branches that hold snow well will do
Sometimes you can find advice on preparing seeds for sowing: dressing, bubbling, etc. I think that this is absolutely not worth doing. What is good for the spring can kill the parsley in the fall: the soaked seeds will hatch in a few days, and then die. Sown dry, they themselves will undergo natural preparation at a certain time.
Sowing parsley in winter will allow you to get fragrant greens much earlier in the spring. Sowing seeds in the fall is not difficult at all, the most difficult thing is to choose the right timing.
At what distance from each other to plant garlic before winter
Observance of several rules for planting garlic allows you to grow an excellent harvest, therefore, before starting work, I advise you to familiarize yourself with all the stages of planting a crop before winter, paying special attention to the topics of the depth of cloves embedding in the ground, keeping the distance between the cloves and rows.
The choice of the garden. For planting garlic, it is better to choose the garden where plants of the pumpkin family previously grew - zucchini, squash, pumpkin. The soil after these crops is ideal for growing garlic, since it has the necessary acidity, while not being depleted in nutrients.
Fertilization. If a garden bed was chosen for planting garlic, where tomatoes, cabbage or cucumbers previously grew, then in this case it is imperative to dig it up before sowing, seasoning each square meter of the garden with five kilograms of compost. It is better to do this in advance, 3-4 weeks before planting. You can also use manure as a top dressing, but only when it is ripe.
The choice of planting material. Large healthy teeth that are not damaged are suitable for sowing. The use of small cloves is permissible, but in this case there is a risk that after frost some of them will not germinate, since they will not be able to survive the frost.
Landing. Now for the depth and frequency of planting the garlic. In the northern regions of Russia, where winters are very frosty, it is customary to plant garlic to a depth of 10-12 cm, in the central and southern regions - 6-8 cm.
The optimal distance between landings is 15-20 cm between rows and 10-12 cm between teeth.
Why exactly this distance? Yes, everything is simple, it is with such a planting frequency that the culture receives proper lighting, ventilation, does not experience a lack of nutrients, and it is very convenient to take care of the plants - watering and weeding does not cause difficulties.
As practice shows, most summer residents forget about the rules of crop rotation, and this makes a serious mistake. There is one simple rule: you need to constantly rotate the plants. If plants of the same family are grown for several years in a row, the yield and quality of the fruit will significantly decrease.
Ideal predecessors for parsley are:
It is not worth planting if crops from the umbrella family grew on this place.
The best time to plant parsley before winter
Sowing parsley in the fall is necessary at a certain time. With early sowing, the spice will begin to sprout quickly, and due to the onset of frost, tender seedlings will die.
It is necessary to choose the sowing time so that the seeds only swell, but do not begin to germinate. Therefore, they choose the time for sowing in October-November, depending on the region, the timing of the onset of winter.
Vegetables are sown when the temperature drops below zero at night and reaches 2-3 degrees Celsius during the day. It is best when on the day of planting the parsley there is a clear, slightly frosty weather. After all, the vegetable is not afraid of the cold and tolerates soil temperatures of 0 degrees well.
If the onset of winter shifts and heavy rains have begun, then the sowing time is postponed for some time.
Planting sorrel: where, how and when it is better to plant and transplant
Sour sorrel leaves - this is a storehouse of vitamins after winter, in the midst of vitamin deficiency.
Having a couple of rhubarb bushes on the site and sowing perennial sorrel, you can provide your whole family with vitamin greens in April-May.
Where to plant sorrel
Since this is a perennial, you should carefully approach the preparation of the soil for planting. Preferred light soils, such as sandy loam or loam, grows well on peat soils. If the soil is different, drain well. The site for planting sorrel should be as free of weeds as possible, it significantly inhibits its growth (especially wheatgrass).
Since autumn, a mixture of fertilizers per square meter is added to the site where it is planned to plant sorrel in the country: 5-7 kg of manure or compost, 35 g of superphosphate, 25 g of potassium chloride, then dug up. In the spring, you can add urea before planting.
Sorrel loves lighted places, but not sunshine, so it is better to choose partial shade. It is good to place a bed with sorrel behind the house or near the fence so that it is not under the sun all day.
The predecessors of sorrel in the open field can be beets, radishes, parsley, carrots, celery, cabbage.
When and how to plant sorrel seeds
You can sow sorrel all season, from spring to late autumn. However, agricultural technology will differ slightly depending on the season.
Planting sorrel in the spring begins in April, when the soil is still saturated with moisture. Sorrel seeds do not need to be soaked, they usually germinate together and yield a harvest by mid-summer.
Summer sowing Sorrel in open ground is convenient when space is freed up after lettuce, radishes and other early greens. You can plant in June - July, while expecting to get a harvest next spring. In summer, sorrel should be planted with swollen, or better - hatched seeds.
In autumn, before winter, planting is carried out in late October - early November. Sorrel seeds must be completely dry so that they do not start germinating before frost. Autumn sowing is convenient for the summer resident in that there are already few things to do at this time and you can do all the work slowly.
For any sowing, seeds can be planted to a depth of 1-2 cm, it is possible in grooves with a row spacing of 30 cm or free sowing. After sowing, the soil must be compacted with the back of the rake or slightly trampled down - it has been noticed that this contributes to friendly seedlings.
When shoots appear, they need to be thinned out. It is better to do this twice - the first time leaving 5 centimeters between the bushes, the second time - leaving the strongest plants at a distance of 12-15 cm from each other.
- loosening row spacings, if you planted in rows and did not mulch,
- weeding from weeds,
- infrequent, but plentiful watering,
- feeding with complex fertilizers in early spring from the second year of planting. It is also advisable to feed the sorrel with urea after each leaf cut. How to apply fertilizers - choose according to the weather: if it is rainy, then it can be dry, in a sunny period it is better to give liquid fertilizing. In autumn, it is good to add compost to the beds with sorrel.
- if you do not plan to receive your seeds, then it is imperative to remove the peduncles that take part of the food.
Of sorrel diseases you can mention powdery mildew on the leaves. You can fight it with the help of ash - pour a third of the ash bucket with water to the brim, let it stand for several days, strain and use for spraying.
When to collect
It is better to collect sorrel when its leaves reach 8-10 cm in length, cut off the entire crop at once with petioles and immediately loosen and feed the beds.
Do not damage the growth bud when cutting.
The first cut can be done as early as 3 weeks after the soil has thawed. With this method, you usually get an average of 3-5 fees per season, depending on the region. Cut the last crop no later than a month before frost, otherwise the bushes will leave fragile in winter and this will reduce spring growth.
Can sorrel be transplanted?
Sorrel tolerates transplanting quite well. Having conceived to change its place in the country, prepare the plot as for planting sorrel with seeds.
Select the young, sturdy plants you want to transplant and cut off the large leaves, being careful not to hurt the buds. Dig it out, if the root turns out to be very long - carefully trim it, and powder the slices with a crushed tablet of activated carbon.
Dig in a new place, water thoroughly. It is better to replant sorrel not in hot weather, closer to autumn.
There is an interesting method on how to grow a sorrel crop already in early spring.
To do this, in the fall, they dig up the rhizomes of sorrel, cut off the leaves and store them in the basement in the sand. In the first weeks of spring, they are planted in a greenhouse at a temperature of 9-11 degrees. After a month, you can already cut the leaves for the green borscht.
Outdoor garlic care
Mulching or shelter for the winter
Timely planted winter garlic manages to form its root system by winter and will not suffer from frost and cold winds, being under cover or under a reliable layer of mulch. In the spring, young seedlings must be helped to emerge. To do this, it is imperative to remove the shelter or about 2 centimeters of the mulch layer.
In order for the bulb to turn out to be large, it is recommended to regularly cut or break off garlic arrows up to 10 cm high. Usually, these procedures are necessary for plants in the second half of June, when there is massive shooting.
The first feeding is carried out with the appearance of the first green growth. It is recommended to use a solution of chicken manure or mullein as a nitrogen-containing fertilizer, as well as urea.
The second feeding of the garlic plantations is required around the middle of summer. Together with irrigation, an ash solution is introduced, consisting of 10 liters of water and 200 g of wood ash.
During the period of active growth and development of vegetable crops, they need to be watered abundantly, and when the bulbs begin to form, the volumes of irrigation water and the frequency decrease slightly. During long and prolonged natural moisture (rains), plants can be left un-watered to prevent excess moisture in the soil. "Excess" water promotes damping off of the garlic heads and the development of fungal diseases.
In the presence of a mulch layer, all soil care is reduced only to its rare renewal and addition. In the absence of mulch, and especially after heavy rains and after irrigation, the soil in the beds must be loosened and weeded.
Harvesting and storage
Winter garlic ripens about 15-20 days earlier than spring garlic. The yellowed lower leaves on most plants in the second half of July indicate the coming harvest time. Together with the stem, the culture is dug up, left for 4-5 days in the sun to dry, then shaken off the ground, the stem and roots are cut off. Overripe heads of garlic tend to disintegrate, so you should not delay harvesting longer than before the beginning of August.
Pros of planting before winter
Planting plants in autumn has a number of risks associated with freezing and a decrease in the percentage of seed germination. This happens for several reasons:
- low-quality planting material, expired, or collected in violation of the rules and terms
- incorrectly chosen planting time before winter: if you skip the comfortable temperature for planting, the plant will not have time to take root before the onset of frost.
However, the list of benefits of planting before winter is wider and more convincing.
- Take a look at the existing risks of reduced germination from the other side: during a frosty winter, samples that are not able to withstand the load are eliminated. Those specimens that sprout in the spring will have strong immunity and high resistance to fungal and bacterial diseases.
- The rooting of plants and the growth of the root system begin in the fall; in the spring, the culture does not waste time on these stages, but immediately starts growing.The rest of the stages of plant development are also ahead of schedule, the harvest ripens earlier than the crops planted in spring.
- Gardeners have proven the positive effect of winter planting on weed susceptibility. Frost-hardened crops do not suffer from weeds.
- Plants planted in the fall will free up useful time for the gardener in the spring.
Parsley properties: benefits and harms
Useful properties of parsley
Fresh parsley leaves contain a large amount of trace elements and vitamins that the human body needs. It is interesting that already in Ancient Egypt such a culture was worth its weight in gold. Today, such a plant is also quite popular, it is used in medicine, cooking, and also in cosmetology.
Few people know that the composition of the greens of such a plant contains the same amount of carotene as in carrots, while vitamin C in it is about the same as in lemon. 50 grams of parsley contains the daily rate of ascorbic acid. The composition of greens includes vitamins A, C, B1, B2, B12, PP, as well as folic acid, fatty acids, magnesium, phosphorus, iron, potassium and calcium. Thanks to these vitamins and elements, parsley has beneficial properties, namely:
- helps to improve the work of the adrenal and thyroid glands
- helps to improve metabolic processes in the body
- helps to strengthen blood vessels
- has anti-inflammatory effect
- helps to strengthen the gums
- helps to improve oxygen metabolism and stimulates the brain
- helps control satiety and appetite
- favorably affects vision
- is effective during the treatment of diseases of the genitourinary system and nephritis
- assists in overcoming depression, as well as in recuperation.
The decoction, infusion and juice of such a culture have healing properties. The juice is used during the treatment of heart, respiratory and eye diseases. During the treatment of diseases of the optic nerve system, a mixture of parsley and carrot juice (1: 3) is very effective. A mixture of garlic and parsley has a powerful diuretic effect, and is most often used to normalize high blood pressure. In addition, the products, which include garlic and parsley, help stabilize cholesterol levels, and also have an antiviral effect, remove toxins from the body, reduce high blood clotting, and are also used to prevent cardiovascular diseases.
The extract of this plant is used to make a cream with a whitening effect, because this herb helps to whiten the skin and lighten age spots and freckles. This plant is also used to eliminate edema, treat bruises and insect bites, and improve scarring of fistulas and ulcers.
A decoction, oil, extract and infusion of such a medicinal plant are used to treat female diseases, for example, pain during menstruation, irregularities in the menstrual cycle, and they also help to improve the mental and physical condition during menopause. Parsley remedies help men eliminate pain in inflammation of the prostate gland, and they also have a general strengthening effect.
To prepare a parsley broth, you need to take 2 tbsp. l. finely chopped roots of such a plant and combine them with 1 tbsp. freshly boiled water The mixture should boil for only 1 minute, then the container is covered with a lid and left to cool. The broth is recommended to drink 3 times a day before meals for 1-2 tbsp. l, it helps with anemia, malaria, prostatitis, intestinal disorders, increased gas production and is used to strengthen the immune system.