Video about geycher - breeding methods, growing from seeds
Geykhera is an ornamental plant of the Saxifrage family with very beautiful leaves, which gradually gained popularity not only among gardeners, but also among professional landscape designers. A characteristic feature of Heuchera is the ability to change the color of the leaves several times during the growing season.
There are many varieties of Heuchera. Among them are plants with green, purple, burgundy, pink, yellow, orange, bright red, almost black and even silvery leaves that can be smooth, corrugated and even curly.
If you are interested in Heuchera, we bring to your attention an article on how to grow Heuchera from seeds.
Video of growing heuchera from seeds
Seed and vegetative propagation methods
Hello dear visitors of our site. Today we will be sowing heuchera seeds. I myself have recently begun to grow these flowers from seeds. What is interesting about the seed reproduction method? During seed reproduction, the parental traits are split, and this makes it possible to grow new interesting plants. I do not like all the plants that are obtained as a result of sowing, about half of them I throw away or distribute. But with those seedlings that I liked, I work: I collect seeds from them and continue my breeding experiments.
Over time, I realized that I want to have much more such interesting seedlings, and began to propagate the specimens I liked, obtained from seeds, by vegetative means. Vegetative reproduction is a reliable method, it preserves the varietal properties of the parents in the offspring, and this is its indisputable advantage. But the generative (seed) method allows you to grow many flowers at once and admire the Persian geyher carpet in your garden.
Sowing Heuchera Seeds
Soil preparation for sowing
To grow Heuchera, we first of all need seeds, and I collect them from my seedlings, although not all Heuchera in my climate form seeds. Sowing seeds is a simple procedure.
Fill the container with light soil and tamp it down, but not too tightly. Then spill the substrate in the container with the Maxim solution to soak it to a depth of about one finger - no more. After that, the substrate must be spilled with boiling water, wetting it to a depth of 2 more fingers. Now you need to insert a tag with the sowing date, variety name and year of collection of seeds into the container between the substrate and the wall. I make the tags from a plastic document corner.
Seed germination time
When I was just starting to deal with geykher, I could not find information about the germination time of the seeds of this culture. As far as I remember, only on one site I read that seeds germinate in six months, provided that they were stored in foil before sowing. At first I believed in this and strictly followed the instructions. But today, I already have decent experience in seed reproduction of Heuchera, I claim that freshly harvested seeds have excellent germination until March, and after March I have never sown them.
Today we are sowing the seeds of the 2017 harvest. I sprinkle them on a piece of white paper so that they can be clearly seen, and I do a shallow sowing, because Heuchera rises in the light. Try to spread the seeds evenly. Now I cover the container with a transparent lid.
The procedure is no different from sowing primrose seeds, the only difference is that the Heuchera seeds are smaller, therefore, the substrate in the container before sowing must be tamped a little denser so that the Heuchera seeds do not fall between the substrate and the walls of the container and do not germinate there without soil.
We are waiting for germination
The best place to keep Heuchera crops is the east and north windows. Now, in January, while the western windows are not so lit, you can keep them on the western windowsills. But on sunny southern windows, crops can die in just a few hours: condensation forms on the lid, which works like a lens, and the sun's rays falling on this lens will simply burn the seedlings. Therefore, I repeat: crops should be kept on the north and east sides, and on the west - only until mid-February. As soon as the sun begins to peep into the western window, all crops must be immediately removed from there.
As for the temperature regime, before the shoots begin to appear, you need to maintain the temperature in the room at about 25 ⁰C. When the seedlings begin to develop, the temperature must be lowered by a few degrees so that they do not get sick with a black leg.
That's all about sowing Heuchera seeds. Hope you succeed. I wish you success!
- Read the topic on Wikipedia
- Features and other plants of the family Saxifrage
- List of all species on The Plant List
- More information on World Flora Online
- Information about Garden Plants
- Information on Perennial Plants
- Information about Herbaceous plants
Sections: Garden plants Perennials Herbaceous Ornamental deciduous Plants on G Saxifrage Video
Peonies: growing and caring for the garden, breeding methods
Peonies have an unforgettable color and aroma, the cultivation and care of which are described in detail in our material. You will find information on how to plant and care for ornamental shrubs, what methods of plant propagation exist, as well as how to rejuvenate the shrub yourself.
Walnut (lat.Juglans regia)
A tall tree with large leaves and tasty, nutritious and healthy fruits. For medical purposes, not only the kernels of ripe nuts are collected, but also the shells of green and ripe fruits, partitions and even leaves.
Peony (lat.Paeonia) is a representative of herbaceous perennials of the Peony family. The culture is decorative, used to decorate the garden. Growing peonies in the country and in the garden is popular, since caring for them is not difficult, and some varieties of shrubs can delight you up to 50 years.
There are many varieties of Heuchera, the most popular of which are:
- Purple castle.
- Silver Gumdrop - a silvery leaf with a purple-crimson underside.
- Cherry Cola.
- Lime pie.
- Caramel - the color of boiled sugar with tonal transitions.
- Venus - green leaves with a silvery blue tint and purple veins.
Growing seedlings and planting a plant in the garden
For planting a spicy crop, you do not need to specially allocate space. Reproduction of oregano on the site is possible in the sun and in a shady corner. The soil can be any, but it is still advisable to prepare it in the fall. To do this, the earth is dug up and fertilizer is applied - 3/4 of a bucket of rotted manure in combination with 1 tbsp. l. superphosphate. This amount of top dressing is enough for 1 sq. m of future motherboard landings.
Advice. Avoid overly dry or overly humid areas.
Usually, the seedling method is used to grow oregano. Seeds are sown in pots in early spring:
- drainage is laid on the bottom of the container
- loose soil with sand is poured on top
- make grooves 1 cm deep
- water from a spray bottle
- place seeds in the grooves
- a layer of soil is poured on top and the soil is re-moistened.
The rules for caring for crops are very simple: providing enough light, maintaining the temperature at + 20 ... + 22 ° C, watering as needed. The first shoots will hatch in 10-14 days. To speed up the process, you can cover the container with foil or glass. When the seedlings get stronger and release 2-3 leaves, they should be dived, and in late spring, at the age of 2 months, planted in open ground. The distance between the bushes depends on the variety and is indicated by the seed producers on the packages provided with photos and diagrams.
Advice. You can also practice planting seeds directly into the soil. This is done in a manner similar to seedlings, but directly into the open ground. Sprouts appear in 2-3 weeks.
Growing from seeds
The seed breeding method for pansies is quite simple. First you need to choose a sowing time.
It depends on when you want to see the first flowers:
- In order for the plant to bloom next year, it must be sown in the fall in open ground. This should be done in August or September. Viola will have time to ascend, her root system will begin to form. By the onset of frost, it will be a fully formed bush. Having overwintered, she will give you flowering in April, which will continue until autumn.
- If you plant pansies in the spring, then they will bloom already in the year of planting.... Here it is necessary to use the seedling method. We will consider it below. Such a planting is carried out at the end of winter.
- If you sow seeds in May or June directly into the ground, then the viola will begin to bloom in September.... Winter will find it blooming, but next year it will bloom again.
Step-by-step instructions for growing seedlings:
- Before sowing, it is recommended to treat the seeds with a solution that stimulates growth, for example, you can use citron. If the seeds were purchased from an unreliable seller, they must be disinfected with a weak solution of potassium permanganate.
- Soil plays an important role. For viola, you can use purchased peat tablets or violet substrate.
You can make the mixture yourself. For this, garden soil, peat and rotted compost are mixed. The proportion should be 2: 2: 1.
Be sure to spill a self-prepared soil mixture with a hot solution of potassium permanganate. This will kill fungal spores that may be waiting in the wings in garden soil.
- Pansy seeds can be sown over the substrate or embedded in the soil.
First way: spread the planting material on moist soil. Cover with foil and keep until sprouts appear in a dark place at a temperature of 22 degrees. Every day you need to remove the film for 10 minutes for airing.
Second way: The seeds are sown in the grooves. The depth, which should be, is about 0.5 cm.The distance between them must be observed 1-2 cm.
The step between the seeds should also be 1 - 2 cm. After the grooves are closed, you need to water the viola. Cover with foil and put in a warm place.
Such sowing does not require keeping in the dark. The film must also be removed every day, for 10 - 15 minutes. Depending on the variety and quality of the planting material, the first shoots will appear in 2 - 4 weeks.
- After the emergence of seedlings, the container with seedlings must be placed in a well-lit place.... Viola is not afraid of the spring sun, so the sill of the south window will suit her.
- The film from the seedling container cannot be removed immediately.... It is necessary to accustom the seedlings gradually. To do this, you need to increase the airing time during the week.
- Pansies can feel quite comfortable at a temperature of + 5 + 10 degrees... Therefore, during the day, seedlings can be taken out to the balcony, terrace or yard. Fresh air will contribute to its rapid strengthening and growth.
- Viola needs to be regularly watered... It is produced when the top layer of the soil dries up. In this case, do not overfill, excess moisture will lead to rotting of the plant.
- A pick is made after 2-3 full-fledged leaves grow... The transfer is carried out in separate cups. Viola takes root well, so if the root is damaged, it's not scary. The health of the plant will not deteriorate from this, only growth may slow down a little.
- If the stalk of the dived pansies is extended... It can be deepened into the ground almost to the leaves. This will improve the appearance of the plant, make the root system stronger. New roots will grow on the surface of the deepened stem.
- After the formation of several pairs of leaves, you need to pinch the top of the stem... This will make the bush lush.
- Landing in open ground is carried out after the establishment of stable weather, without frost... The distance between the bushes should be at least 10 cm.
Pansies tend to self-pollinate
Therefore, you should not be surprised to see flowers of an unexpected color in your flower bed. By the way, it can be propagated by collecting seeds.
Sowing seeds in open ground:
- Make shallow grooves. The gap between them should be 10 cm.
- Spread the seeds, keeping a distance of about 1 - 2 cm.
- Water the crops and cover with foil.
- After emergence, the film is removed. Seedlings need to create partial shade conditions. For this, a canopy is being built. Or tree branches with foliage are installed along the perimeter of the garden.
- Transplantation to a permanent place is carried out after the appearance of 3 leaves.
How to take care of it properly?
The cultivation of Tangut clematis is associated with the need to provide care for the plant. He needs regular watering - weekly after planting and every 2-3 days in the heat. The longer the creeper shoots, the more water it needs. The volumes of moisture introduced at a time vary from 10 to 40 liters. So that the water does not stagnate, after watering, the ground in the near-trunk circle is carefully loosened, weeded, and fresh mulch is added as needed.
During the growing season, the liana requires additional feeding from 2 years old, after the seedlings have taken root. With the formation of buds, nitrogen-based fertilizers are applied under the root. With the beginning of bud formation, potash compounds prevail among the additives. After the end of flowering, a phosphorus-based top dressing is recommended, which helps the liana to properly prepare for winter.
Clematis of this species necessarily requires pruning for sanitary purposes to remove dried and dead lashes affected by fungus or parasites of branches and seasonal. Since the tanguica belongs to the 3rd pruning group, its shoots of the past year must be completely removed - this will allow with the onset of the new season to ensure abundant bud formation. All work is done before sending the plant for wintering or at the beginning of spring. If you plan to form a lush bush at the bottom, you can leave 3-4 buds. So the vines will have support, and the plant itself will acquire more greenery.
It is not necessary to intensively cover clematis for the winter. After sanitary pruning, it will be enough to abundantly cover the rest of the bush with earth and humus. If lower shoots with buds are left, the trunk is buried in the ground or peat more intensively to avoid freezing.
Outdoor planting and plant care
Planting leaf celery in open ground can be carried out only when 4 to 6 true leaves do not appear on the plant. In addition, the outside air temperature must remain above freezing around the clock. Tentatively, the procedure is carried out in mid-May.
Leaf celery is a crop for which it is important to choose the right neighbors. Some plants can inhibit the growth of greenery. The rest of the crops are either neutral or accelerate the growth and development of green mass.
There are several recommendations for planting celery next to it so that it grows as bulky and healthy as possible:
- corn, potatoes, carrots, parsley are unwanted neighbors, because in their presence the plant remains small and unstable
- beans, tomatoes, spinach, cucumbers, beets and various types of greens are the best option
- white cabbage is the best solution: it provokes the growth and development of the green mass of celery, and its presence drives away pests from it.
The rate of leaf celery sprouting may differ. So, the Parus variety is suitable for use already 40-45 days after germination. Celery Bordeaux can be harvested only 70 days after the formation of the first shoots, it belongs to the mid-season. However, there are also late-ripening varieties, the harvest of which will have to wait at least 90 days.This factor should be taken into account when choosing planting material.
Caring for leaf celery includes regular watering and weeding. Twice during the growing season, you will need to treat the plants with phosphate-potassium fertilizers. They increase the resistance of plants and their yield rates, as well as protect them from several diseases and pests. The first time the drug is applied 2 weeks after planting seedlings in open ground, the second - after another 3 weeks.
Despite the fact that growing celery requires constant participation, even a beginner can cope with this process. The main thing is to choose the right variety so that it meets the requirements and fits the climatic conditions. It is recommended to add fresh herbs to salads, as well as to hot dishes.