Growing lemon from seed
Reproduction of citrus crops by seeds, cuttings, layering
The spring months of March and April are the most fertile times for the propagation of citrus plants: you can grow your own plant from the seed, and then graft it to it, or get it vegetatively (cuttings or layering). But getting tangerine plants from seed is usually not practiced.
Planting seeds can be done at any time of the year, but the optimal time is still spring, when growth processes are activated. For this purpose, take fresh seeds from a purchased (non-frozen) lemon, preferably freshly extracted from the fruit (they have good germination and germination energy).
The seeds are preliminarily kept for 20 minutes in a slightly pink solution of potassium permanganate, three pieces are sown in half-liter pots with a soil substrate from a mixture of fertile soil and river sand (in a ratio of 2: 1) to a depth of 2-3 cm, incubated at 18 ... 28 ° C. Watered with settled warm tap water. The pot is covered with glass or placed in a plastic bag, since the soil should not dry out or be waterlogged.
After 12-15 days at a temperature of 25 ... 28 ° C, seed germination begins. When the seeds are kept at a temperature of 18 ... 22 ° C, their germination takes up to 4-5 weeks, if it is below 18 ° C, the emergence of sprouts is delayed, even their decay may occur.
Transplanting seedlings at the age of 2-4 leaves is done very carefully, they try to less injure the root system, especially the small roots. Experts believe that there is no need to delay the transplant further: the younger the seedling, the easier it is to transfer the transplant. In order for the seedling to take root successfully, at 2-3 weeks a state of 100% moisture is created, covered with a glass jar, and thorough care is provided.
When good conditions are created, the plant grown from the seed develops rapidly, turning into a beautiful tree with a dense crown of numerous leaves. However, the flowering of such a "wild" form of lemon will have to wait 8-10 years and even more. To accelerate the onset of flowering and fruiting, the plant must be grafted: it is used as a rootstock, a twig (copulation) or a peephole (budding) is taken as a scion from young well-ripened stems of fruiting (preferably fruitful or well-known varieties) plants.
According to experienced citrus growers, plants grown from seeds and then grafted develop and bear fruit better in indoor conditions, since they have already been adapted to them. As a stock, seedlings aged 1-1.5 years are more often used, in which, at a height of 5-6 cm from the root collar, the thickness of the stem is 5-7 mm. The optimal time for vaccination is the period March - August (active sap flow).
When budding on the stock, the bark should lag well, therefore, 2-3 days before work, it is watered abundantly. A longitudinal incision of the bark with a length of 1.5-2 cm is made along the stem with an occulting knife. A horizontal incision is made above this incision, up to 1 cm long, the general incision of the bark is shaped like a letter "T". The upper edges of the longitudinal cut are carefully opened with the edge of a knife from top to bottom. Then a bud (eye) is cut from the cutting of a fruiting branch, capturing (above and below the bud) a thin piece of wood 1 cm long. It is inserted from above into the T-shaped incision of the bark and slowly pushed down until it fits tightly into the incision.
So that the peephole adheres well to the stock and water does not get into the incision, the budding site is wrapped with strapping material, performing this operation from the bottom up (while the grafted kidney should not be closed). After the grafting site is tied with electrical tape and neatly coated with garden varnish, a plastic bag moistened from the inside is put on top in order to create sufficient air humidity under this shelter for better survival of the scion.
Often in practice, grafts are used in the cleft (or in the lateral incision) or behind the bark. The technique for applying these options is well described in the fruit tree literature, and is similarly used on lemon. Usually, both varieties of the first method of inoculation are practiced, as the most simple.
The quality of the stock plays an important role in the later life of the formed plant: it affects its development, longevity and productivity. When purchasing grafting material for growing in indoor conditions, you need to find out: what kind of variety it is, and if you buy an already grafted plant, you need to ask: on which rootstock it was grafted. The optimal result in terms of plant growth and yield is observed in lemons grafted on lemon. Such plants adapt better to adverse conditions during the winter and summer months.
The grafted seedlings begin to bear fruit quickly: often already in the second year after grafting, but more often in the third. In the first 2-3 years, lemon has a high vigor of growth: in a year, both seedlings and grafted seedlings reach 0.8-1 m.
Own-rooted cuttings are often obtained. For grafting, you need a piece of a branch 5-6 mm thick, 8-10 cm long, with 3-4 buds and with 2-4 old leaves. When harvesting from the mother plant, the cutting is cut in such a way that its lower cut (cut angle 45 °) is under the bud, and the upper cut is 0.5 cm above the bud. It is believed that cuttings take root on the rootstock in March-April much better than in August-September.
If the leaf blades are large, then to reduce the evaporation of water, they are cut in half. Before planting in a soil substrate, for better rooting, cuttings with bases of 3-5 cm are placed in a 0.02% solution of heteroauxin for 12-15 hours. Then the rooting rate of green cuttings increases to 70%, their root system develops better than that of untreated ones. Before planting, the lower cut of the cutting can be powdered with crushed charcoal.
If growth substances are not used, the cuttings are simply treated with charcoal and rooted in coarse-grained moistened sand at a depth of 2-3 cm. They are covered with a glass jar or a plastic bag (for 100% moisture content). For 2-2.5 weeks, it is necessary to spray the leaves of the cutting with water daily (morning and evening) until the root system is formed.
The temperature during rooting is maintained at least 20 ° C, and preferably 22 ... 25 ° C, since at a lower temperature, the cut of the cutting can rot, at a higher temperature, it can shed the leaves, without which there will be no rooting. Such rooted cuttings enter fruiting early, retain all the qualities of the mother plant, but are characterized by a more delicate root system than seed ones. It is easily damaged when feeding with solutions of mineral fertilizers, and with high soil moisture, a disease is more often observed - gommosis.
Owners of self-rooted plants need to be more careful when caring for them. Sometimes, to obtain such plants, they act very simply: in the spring, a stalk with 3-4 leaves is stuck into the ground with containers with a large lemon, covered with a glass jar and after a month and a half, a seedling with a root system is obtained. Cut lemons bear fruit in the second or third year.
It should be noted that plants grown by seeds and then grafted are more hardy, better adapted to a lack of light, fluctuations in air humidity than their own rooted ones.
Sometimes lemon is propagated by layering, which makes it possible to immediately get a whole plant. Any branch (it is possible with ovaries or fruits), located near the soil, is bent to the soil and a small incision is made at the point of contact with it. Then they pin the branch with a pin and sprinkle the place of the incision with earth. The soil is kept moist, after 1.5-2 months a root system is formed at the incision site and the cuttings can be planted.
Even a preschooler can grow a plant from a seed: it is only necessary for adults to choose the appropriate soil substrate and tell the baby to what depth to stick the lemon seed.
R. Mikhailov, florist
Yes 2904 (75.64%) Going to grow 876 (22.82%) Not 59 (1.54%)
Lemon is an evergreen bush with glossy, fleshy leaves. On them and on the branches of the bush there are many pores that emit essential oils and phytoncides - this is a wonderful lemon scent we all know.
A lemon grows at home as a small tree, but it can be up to three meters. It has small thorns on the branches, the leaves are dark green. Lemon has beautiful small flowers - pink-red or purple on top and white on the inside.
It's just that you won't surprise anyone with a lemon tree now, but a tree with fruits is not so common. But this is a completely feasible task for everyone.
Let's start from the very beginning. You need to choose the right seeds for planting and prepare the ground. We choose a beautiful, even, ripe lemon fruit. We choose the best from it - large seeds. And we plant in a wet state - there is no need to dry, otherwise they will sprout for a long time or will not germinate at all.
Before planting, you can treat the seeds with any biostimulant for quick germination and the formation of good roots in the future. To do this, prepare a solution according to the instructions for the preparation - and soak the seeds overnight.
It is necessary to prepare containers for sowing and good soil. You can buy seedling pots at the store or use yogurt or sour cream cups for this, cut off plastic bottles. At the bottom you need to make holes and put drainage. It can be shards from pots, nut shells, pebbles, a layer of vermiculite up to 1.5 cm.
It may seem to someone that the information about the holes in the cups, about the need for drainage is known to everyone and there is no need to write about it in such detail. But I remember myself as a novice gardener and I did not always know all the intricacies of planting and care. And the plants died.
Now you need to prepare loose, fertile soil. Planting lemons in commercial citrus soil or making your own is no problem. We mix humus, leafy earth in equal amounts and add peat and sand for ease. We moisten the earth and lay out the bones in pots. We plant the seeds to a depth of about 2 cm.
The temperature for germination of lemon pits must be at least 18 ° C. To create the best conditions for the lemons to germinate and develop, cover them with cut-off plastic bottles. Or just cover the seed cups with foil and put them in a warm place. This will create the conditions for a greenhouse for lemons.
Lemons under plastic bottles - mini greenhouse
Growing lemon from seed at home
Sprouts appear in an apartment in different ways. It can take from two weeks to a month. Until 4 leaves appear, young seedlings are kept in mini-greenhouses. We gradually accustom the seedlings to room air - we spray them more often. Then we rearrange the pot in a bright place, but without direct sunlight, otherwise the young sprout will die.
First seedlings and small seedlings of lemon
- Use water at room temperature. Rain and melt water is good for irrigation - just not cold.
- A small lemon is not fed in the first months. In spring and summer, you need to water with biofertilizer. But always remember that underfeeding is better than overfeeding.
- Don't forget that the lemon tree is a moody and demanding plant when grown indoors. It likes constant temperature or humidity. Abrupt changes in climate and care will immediately affect the deterioration of the lemon's well-being.
- Hot, dry climate, exposure to direct sunlight, drafts and cooling of the air, wind - these factors can lead to the loss of all leaves and death of the plant.
- By autumn, watering is completely reduced, only after the earth dries up is the land lump moistened. Be sure to make sure that the water does not stagnate, and the excess flows freely. They are fed in the fall once a month.
- Already in the first year of growth, the seedling begins to form its crown. Remove all deformed, growing inward, weak branches.
Growing lemon at home in a pot
When there are 2-3 true leaves on the seedlings, the strongest are chosen and transplanted into pots. For lemon, it is best to grow only in clay pots. The diameter and depth increase as the tree grows. A few hours before transplanting, the pot must be soaked in water. Be sure to put a drainage layer on the bottom. You can cover the hole with a crock, with the convex side facing up. Pour small shards, pebbles, coarse sand, coal, expanded clay on top.
We fill in the soil the same as was prepared when planting lemon seeds. After transplanting, cover the seedlings with a jar or half a bottle again. We remove it only after the seedling has completely taken root. At the same time, new leaves will begin to grow.
How to choose the best seedlings for transplanting... Here are the main things to look out for:
- We look at the density of the crown. See the distance between the buds on the seedling - take with the smallest ones.
- The presence of needles. Less is better.
- The quality of the leaves. There are many of them, hold on tightly, do not fall off when touched.
- All weak, thin shoots with bad leaves are immediately rejected.
Lemon tree - care rules and growing problems
Growing lemons at home requires special care. If you follow all the rules, you can get flowering and fruiting plants.
- For lemon, additional lighting is needed - especially in early spring and autumn.
- Create a humid climate in the room. To do this, spray the plant more often. Give him a shower, wash the leaves - lemons are tropical inhabitants and love high humidity.
- Frequent transplants are important for a young lemon. We prepare the earth as for the first landing. Plants are transplanted necessarily with a lump of earth. They take a new pot 5-7 cm more. Young ones - once a year, an adult plant can be transplanted every 2-3 years. The best time in summer is in June, and in winter we transplant in February.
- In the period from February to September, lemon grows more actively - therefore, you need to feed the bushes with biofertilizers at this time, alternating with mineral fertilizers. We feed only with liquid fertilizers. Let's not forget the rule: less is better than more.
- We form plants correctly. To make the tree more luxuriant and actively grow lateral shoots, pinch the top of the head. Better to do this in the first year of growth.
- For proper crown formation, the pot should be turned a quarter every week. In the future, a well-formed trunk will affect the quality of the fruit.
- If the lemon at home began to bloom in the first year, then you need to cut off all the flowers - do not regret it. Lemon spend all its energy on flowers and then wither away. Lemon can be allowed to bloom when the plant has at least 15 leaves per flower!
Will seed-grown lemon bear fruit
Full-fledged fruit plants grow from the seeds, but they begin to bear fruit late. Seedlings grown from seeds are more adaptable to home conditions. They are more hardy than cuttings.
Another important factor is the formation of the crown. As I already wrote, in the first year they pinch the top of the head - more precisely, when the seedling grows to 20 cm.Then branches of the second order begin to grow, they are pinched when they grow 18 cm.Further, the process is repeated until the branches of the 4th order appear - the first flowers and fruits appear on them ...
Fruiting lemon at home
And yet, before flowering, the lemon needs to rest. To do this, in the winter, put it in a cool place for several months. And in the spring, put it in a warm, bright place.
Types of indoor lemon
Many varieties can be grown at home - these are Pavlovsky, Maikop, Eureka, Genoa, Meyer, Novogruzinsky. The most productive is Maikop. Genoa and Eureka varieties are not tall and can grow even on a warm windowsill.
Lemon variety Pavlovsky
This is an old variety of folk selection. Bred in the village of Pavlovo more than 100 years ago. The variety is very unpretentious, well adapted to home conditions - dry air and insufficient lighting.
Meyer lemon variety
Meyer lemon variety
It appeared in Russia in 1929. It became widespread in Europe, as it gave rich harvests in the open field. It is considered a natural hybrid of lemon and orange.
This is a short tree - usually about a meter. Differs in high productivity. Begins to bear fruit early - for 2-3 years. Fruits are early ripening, blooms on old and young shoots, blooms early.
Lemon variety Jubilee
Lemon variety Jubilee
Unpretentious, productive, decorative variety. Grows up to 1.5 meters. It blooms very profusely - it looks like a white ball from the abundance of flowers. Fruits weighing 500 grams with a thick, yellow skin. Begins to bear fruit in the 2nd year of life. Shade tolerant, grows quickly and adapts well to different conditions. The fruits are tied in any conditions.
Genoa lemon variety
Genoa lemon variety
This variety can be from 1 to 3 meters long, without thorns. Begins to bear fruit at 4-5 years. Usually about 50 fruits are harvested per year. On an adult tree, up to 100 pieces. It blooms several times a year, genoa lemons are medium-sized up to 100-120 gr. Differs in high taste of fruits.
Lemon variety Maikop
Lemon variety Maikop
The variety is common for growing at home, as it is very unpretentious and fruitful. It tolerates cold well. The mass of lemons is 120-160 gr., 200-300 fruits are harvested per year. Trees at the age of 30 give 700 fruits a year. Branches without thorns.
Lemon variety Novogruzinsky
Lemon variety Novogruziskiy
Tall tree up to 3 meters. Begins to bear fruit for 4-5 years. The fruits are very fragrant, with a thin crust, without seeds. With good care, it produces up to 200 fruits per year.
How to plant lemon at home
The best way to do this is to vaccinate. I suggest watching a video on how to carry out this operation.
Indoor lemon pests and diseases
The most common pests of lemons at home are scale insects, aphids, spider mites, and scale insects. All of them suck sap from plants, leading to curvature of shoots, drying of leaves.
With all pests, there are general rules for the fight to save the lemon:
- Brush off insects from twigs with a soft toothbrush. It can be removed from the leaves with a cotton swab. We wet the instruments in a soapy solution of anabasine sulfate.
- After a day, we wash off the solution from the plant. After a week, we repeat the treatment.
- In case of severe pest damage, we process the bushes with infusions of onions, garlic, celandine, tobacco. Or we use drugs Aktellik, Fitoverm (biological product). Use chemicals very carefully at home - these are strong poisons.
The main diseases of all citrus fruits at home are sooty fungus and gommosis. From the fungus, the leaves become covered with a gray coating, in which their nutrition is disturbed. And with homoz, gum appears at the sites of damage to the bark - the branches and leaves gradually dry out.
Actions for diseases:
- We clean the bark or the place of the disease - we process it with vitriol (copper).
- We cover it with RanNet (or garden varnish).
- Wipe the leaves with the fungus with a wet cloth.
- We feed with fertilizers to maintain the strength of the plant to fight the disease.
How and in what quantities to use drugs for plant treatment or pest control can always be read on the packaging of each drug. You will find a large number of them in any specialty store.
Growing lemon in a greenhouse
As stated earlier, the lemon tree loves:
- Strong but diffused light
- Good root breathing
- Constant freezing temperatures all year round
Growing lemons and other citrus fruits in a greenhouse has its own characteristics. You can plant lemons directly in the ground or in pots. For cultivation in soil, the greenhouse must be heated.
Let's take a closer look at the requirements for the greenhouse in which the lemon will grow:
- A prerequisite is that even in severe frosts, the temperature should not fall below + 6 ° С, but preferably + 10 ° С.
- A lot of diffused light is needed. In the autumn-winter period, additional lighting must be applied, and in spring and summer, on the contrary, shade from direct sunlight.
- Remember that lemons do not tolerate stagnant air, with high humidity - you need to ventilate the greenhouse. But don't create drafts!
Otherwise, the cultivation and care of plants is completely the same as described in the article.
Lemon in the greenhouse
I will repeat the main points that are important for obtaining full-fledged seedlings:
- Choosing beautiful fruits
- We sow freshly harvested wet seeds - do not dry!
- Water gently as the soil dries
- We cover the pots with foil or bottles - create a mini-greenhouse.
- When applying fertilizers, remember the rule: it is better to underfeed than overfeed.
- We form and transplant young lemons on time
Plant and grow lemons with pleasure!
This is where I end. How to grow a lemon from a seed is now no secret for you. If you have any questions or comments - write in the comments.
To germinate lemon seeds, buy a fruit. Almost every fruit contains seeds. When choosing a lemon, pay attention to its appearance: the fruit should be ripe, yellow. It should be free of rot and mechanical damage.
The seedling is germinated from the largest seeds. Their germination and survival rate is almost 100%. The seed is planted wet: it does not germinate when dried.
To force the seed to germinate, it is treated with any biostimulant: root, heteroauxin, or epin. The solution is prepared according to the instructions. Lemon seeds are soaked for 24 hours before planting.
How to grow a lemon from a seed: where to start?
First of all, let's understand that the lemon tree comes from a subtropical climatic zone, therefore it loves heat and does not tolerate cold and drafts very well. They have an attractive appearance and the shape of a small tree. In room conditions, it can reach a height of no more than 2 meters.
The process of growing lemon begins with finding good seeds. Ideally, the seeds are harvested from a freshly harvested, large, and painless fruit. But we do not have such an opportunity, so we will look for good seeds among the lemons from the stores. To do this, you need to acquire large, dense and ripe-looking fruits. A few pieces are enough. Seeds are extracted from them.
Do not think that one grain is enough. You will need to stock up on a dozen, or even more. From such a number of seeds, the likelihood of sprouting increases significantly. Of course, it also happens that almost all the seeds begin to germinate. In this case, you need to grow a lot of seedlings at once, since there are very few guarantees that they will all survive until fruiting. Some will die due to illness or will not survive the transplant.
When the seeds are ready, we proceed to the next stage - planting in the ground. For this you will need:
- A special soil that you can buy in a specialty store or mix it yourself. The composition should include: sand, humus, turf soil.
- Separate small cups or containers.
- A film to protect the young sprout from drafts and cold.
Lemon seeds must be planted in the soil to a depth of no more than 4 cm, covered with foil and wait about a month. All this time, the seed needs moderate watering, about once a week. If it's very hot outside, you can water it 2 times a week. It happens that two shoots can come out of one bone. One of them is weak, and this is noticeable in appearance, and the other is stronger. You need to leave the one that is stronger.
It is worth noting that citrus fruits that are grown from seeds are more adapted to home conditions and viable. Their only drawback is that you will have to wait a long time for the appearance of fruits.
How to grow a lemon tree from a seed.
How to grow a lemon tree from a stone at home?
Recently, it has become popular to grow exotic fruit trees in apartments. Such plants decorate the interior. Some are capable of bearing fruit.
Among the most famous fruit trees that grow in the homes of flower lovers are - lemon Tree.
Germination of the bone.
You can grow lemon at home. The tree will not be as large as in nature, but it will still bear fruit. It all starts with the germination of the seed. The plant loves warmth. Therefore, a seed can only germinate in a room with a comfortable temperature.
How to grow a lemon tree at home?
Before you start germinating a sprout, it is important to observe a number of conditions:
1. Choose the right fruit from which the stone is removed
2. Choose a place for the sprout
3.Prepare the soil
A ripe, healthy fruit is purchased in the store. It can be determined by the following criteria:
- intense yellow color
- absence of dents, putrefactive inclusions
- it should be elastic to the touch, not hard
- the taste is pleasantly sour, without a bitter aftertaste.
The seed should be handled immediately after removing it from the pulp. Seeds have the ability to quickly dry out and lose germination.
It is best to take all the seeds that are in the lemon at once, so the chance of getting seedlings will be increased.
Before placing in the ground, the seeds should be soaked in a growth stimulator for half a day.
Gently peel the skin off the bones before soaking. The seeds are used immediately after release from the pulp.
A place for a sprout
The pot with the mixture containing the seeds is placed in a warm place.
You can place the container on the windowsill located on the south side of the house.
Heat is necessary for the germination of the sprout. After the plant has stretched out, it is transplanted and placed in another place in the apartment.
Preparing the soil substrate.
It is best to purchase ready-made land in a store. It should be marked for citrus. In addition, fly ash is added to the soil. This will keep the potted lemon from getting sick.
Another option would be to use a regular all-purpose potting soil. Lemon can develop there as well. In this case, it is recommended to add two tablespoons of high-moor peat and one spoonful of river sand to the substrate.
Pitted lemon is grown at home in a wide variety of pots.
In order to germinate a seed, the most common plastic container or low pot is taken. Drainage holes are made in it. This is the first place of residence of a small plant. Therefore, the pot should be chosen so that it would be easy to transplant lemongrass from it later.
Watering mode for the hatched plant.
It is not difficult to grow a lemon at home. The main thing is to do everything right. As soon as a green stalk appeared from the ground, it should be properly watered.
The plant should not be flooded, but it is also unacceptable to leave it in dry soil. The greenhouse film is still in place. Air the young sprout every day. Water it every 2 days. Be sure to use settled filtered water.
When the sprout reaches a size of 3-4 cm, it already has 2-3 strong elastic leaves. You can plant the bushes a month after planting.
Seedling sprout temperature.
A lemon sprout needs not only warmth, but also the absence of drafts, sudden coolness. The optimum temperature only for the hatched seedling sprout is about + 27 ... + 30 degrees. Provides its glass cover or a bag draped over the container.
For a decent growth of a young plant, which has already been released from the package, the temperature should be at + 22 ... + 25 degrees.
As soon as the greenhouse cap is removed, the plant is kept away from the gas stove, balcony.
The temperature for the development of a seedling sprout is higher than for an adult indoor lemon. An adult plant feels good at + 17 ... + 22 degrees.
Decorative properties of the lemon bush.
The home tree has a very decorative look. For the crown, it is allowed to perform formative pruning. A lush bush can be turned into a sophisticated green ball.
The lemon shrub is especially beautiful when the snow-white flowers bloom on it. Each flower has elongated petals and smells good, after which lemons are poured on the branches.
Conditions for active plant growth.
Lemons are long-lived. They can grow for three decades.
Lemon care includes: selection of a comfortable place watering pruning fertilization organization of wet cleaning procedures.
They try to place a tub with an adult tree in a lighted place. It is allowed to place it on the floor not far from a window facing south.
Watering is organized as needed, approximately 1-2 times a week.
Like all exotics from warm countries, lemon loves moderately moist soil. If water remains in the pan, it is drained. This will prevent root rot.
They try to carry out formative pruning from the first year of life. If the goal is to get fruit, then pruning is replaced by pinching the apical point of the main trunk and side branches.
Fertilization begins as soon as the first leaves of the sprout appear, and continues continuously.
Complex mixtures are introduced, organics are allowed. These substances are introduced separately from each other. Fertilize the planting every 2-4 months.
In winter, this procedure is abandoned.
Some exotic lovers may face such a problem as the lack of fruiting in a lemon bush. The first flowering and fruiting of an ornamental tree at home can occur 4-6 years after planting.
However, there is a way that will significantly speed up this process. It's about grafting lemongrass.
How to vaccinate lemon
Lemon grafting Is a surgical procedure. It requires experience, as well as the necessary tools and prepared material, which will allow you to correctly graft the plant.
Before grafting a lemon, it is necessary to prepare the scion and rootstock.
The stock is a young lemon shrub, which is still far from flowering.
Graft - an outgrowth of a tree that is already bearing fruit.
You also need a sharp knife, treated with alcohol.
There are two ways to get vaccinated:
In this case, someone else's stalk is grafted onto the trunk.
Here, one living bud from a fruiting bush is attached to the trunk and fixed.
You can also find out on my channel:
- For drainage, you can use crushed coal, sprinkling it on the bottom with a thickness of about 1.5 cm.
- Fill up the soil and moisten a little
- Make a dimple about 3-4 cm deep by placing 3-4 lemon seeds there.
- Seeds need light watering: spraying the ground 3 times in 7 days.
- Regulate the air temperature: about +19.
- In cooler weather, use plastic wrap to cover the container where the seeds are located, while allowing air to pass through.
- Wait for sprouts.
In order to grow a persimmon from a seed for planting, it is necessary to prepare several seeds, preferably different fruits. This increases the likelihood that some of them will necessarily grow. After all, a frozen fruit with lifeless seeds can be caught. For example, if you leave a dozen seeds for germination, you can get up to 8 good shoots, from which you can choose stronger plants that turn into fruit-bearing trees.
The result depends on the planting material. Ripe fruits should be purchased.Do not take frozen or overripe fruits, which are often found on street counters. The fruit should have an intact skin. Better to take a not quite ripe fruit that will ripen successfully at home in the warmth.
The stone should be taken only from a ripe and soft fruit. They are carefully separated from the fruit, washed and dried. The prepared bones are washed with running water. It is better to disinfect the seeds before planting. This will protect them from diseases and pests. The bones are placed in a slightly colored solution of potassium permanganate for two to three days. If the seed is not suitable for germination, it will float to the surface. You can simply soak the seeds in warm water for a few hours.
At the first stage stratification needs to stimulate the growth of the future seedling. To do this, you need to treat the bones with an epin solution or a special bioregulator, which can be bought in a specialized store. If not, then you can use aloe juice. It is squeezed onto a napkin and persimmon seeds are wrapped in it. Then the wet napkin is placed on the top shelf of the refrigerator for 1.5 months. Throughout this period, it is necessary to moisten the napkin with water, maintaining constant humidity. This will harden future seeds.
In the second stage scarification should be extremely careful and careful. The main task at this stage is to destroy the seed coat. This must be done carefully so as not to damage the core. The procedure can be done with a small sandpaper. She carefully handles the bone on the sides and on top. Scarification can be dispensed with, but it helps to speed up the germination process.
Stage Three includes preparation of mail. Here, a rule is followed that applies to all seeds. The soil should be light, air and moisture permeable. Ordinary versatile fertile soil is fine. Vermiculite can be added to it. At the bottom of the pot, it is imperative to pour a little expanded clay as drainage. Don't forget about the hole in the bottom of the pot.
The main task of the fourth period - plant a bone. This is done simply. The bones are placed on the surface, sprinkled with a layer of soil 1 centimeter high. The earth is lightly watered, moistening it. After that, the container where the bones were planted is placed in a dark and warm place, creating a greenhouse environment. To do this, cover the container with something. A cap, a piece of glass or plastic is suitable as a material. The easiest and most affordable option is to place the pot in a plastic bag.
The above manipulations are best done in early spring, since persimmon is a winter fruit. For successful seed germination, the plant needs to create favorable conditions by providing the appropriate temperature. Do not forget about proper care. The bottom of the container needs to be heated, make sure that the plant is shaded. During the heating season, the sprout can be put on a radiator. It is also necessary to maintain constant soil moisture. Condensation must be systematically removed from glass and plastic. From time to time you need to ventilate the plant, make sure that mold does not appear. Drafts should be avoided, as persimmon loves warmth.
The whole process of seed germination takes about a month. It is very important not to miss the moment when the bones hatch. They should not rest against the film. They are immediately freed from the bone shell, which is located on the sprout itself. Not all seeds can germinate. The most viable shoots will hatch. This happens in about 10-15 days. If during these days the sprouts have not hatched, then you should not wait any longer, there will be no result. Better to start over.
After the seed has germinated, it is easy to care for the plant. The container with the sprout is placed in the light. It should be bright, but the direct rays of the sun should not fall. It happens that the bone remains at the end of the sprout. It must be carefully removed with a knife, tweezers, needle or scissors. If this is not done, the plant will disappear. When the bone sits very tightly, it is sprayed with warm water, wrapped in a bag and placed in a warm place overnight. It will steam out, and it will not be difficult to remove it.
The sprouts should be watered periodically. It is good to feed them with nitrogen-containing fertilizer. If the plant is not fertilized, then the young tree may die, and the leaves will turn yellow.
Persimmon sprouts sprout quickly. If several sprouts have hatched, they need to be planted in separate spacious containers when permanent leaves appear. When the seedling gets stronger, the root system and leaves develop, it is transplanted to a permanent place. For these purposes, a small pot is suitable, about 10 centimeters in height. If the container is too large, the soil will oxidize and the roots will rot. For the plant to be healthy and strong, to grow well, the soil and the pot must be of high quality.
If there is a fear that the plant will die from hypothermia, then at first the sprouts can be covered with glass jars. From time to time they need to be opened, ventilated and sprayed. The plant will harden and get used to environmental conditions.
Considering all the stages of growing persimmons at home, we can say that there is nothing complicated in this. It will take about 4 months and a young full-fledged plant will appear, which will attract guests. And you can boast that you have grown a persimmon from a stone. In any case, you can try. It's easy and affordable if you follow the rules. But in order for the plant to grow full-fledged, you need to take good care of it. But you can read how to properly care for persimmon in our separate article.
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The lychee fruit tree (Litchi chinensis), also called the Chinese lychee, is a member of the Sapindaceae family. It is also called fox, Chinese plum, liji or laysi. There is documentary evidence that such a plant was grown in China as early as the second century BC. Today, such a plant is cultivated in all countries of Southeast Asia. Juan Gonzalez de Mendoza wrote that this fruit is similar to a plum, it does not burden the stomach, and it can be eaten in any volume, which is why he called such a plant "Chinese plum". This culture was brought to Europe by the French botanist Pierre Sonner, who traveled to China and Southeast Asia. It happened in the 18th century.
Lychee fruit is eaten canned or fresh, it is used to make jelly, ice cream and other desserts, and it is also used to make traditional Chinese wine.