Caring for rabbits in the household
Whether you are looking to breed as a business or purely for personal use, you will need to provide proper care for your rabbits. After all, the health of the eared ears, the beauty of their skins and the taste of meat depend on the conditions of detention and on the observance of the basic rules of care.
Domestic rabbits - care and maintenance
Knowing how to properly care for rabbits, you will be able to achieve success in rabbit breeding in a fairly short time and develop your mini-farm to the desired size.
Particular attention should be paid to rabbits during pregnancy and after birth.
Whatever breed the domestic rabbit is, caring for it is based on the following principles:
- maintaining cleanliness in the cage;
- providing animals with a variety of food and clean water in the required amounts;
- regular vaccination and care for the health of rabbits.
Particular attention should be paid to rabbits during pregnancy and after birth.
Arrangement of cells
Even before buying rabbits, you need to take care of their place of residence. It is better if these are comfortable cages located in two tiers in a closed rabbitry, where protection from drafts and dampness is provided, but at the same time it is possible to ventilate the room. Although rabbits live more freely in open enclosures or pits, novice rabbit breeders may have difficulties how to care for rabbits in such conditions: it becomes difficult to carry out breeding work and monitor the health of animals.
And in cages exposed on the street, rabbits run the risk of frostbite in winter, and wet mash in frosty weather will have to be excluded from the diet of animals, leaving only dry food.
When making cells, it is better not to use chipboard, since this material, gaining moisture at temperature extremes, swells and crumbles. It is advisable to cover the wooden protrusions inside the cage with thin strips of iron, otherwise the rabbits will constantly nibble them. When making a floor from slats, try to leave such a distance between them so that the dirt does not clog the cracks, but goes into the pallet, and so that the rabbits' legs do not fall into the gaps between the slats.
You can also make a floor from a metal mesh, but in some rabbits, paws can become inflamed from such a surface. The litter can be made of straw or sawdust - the main thing is to change it in time, avoiding heavy contamination.
When making a floor from slats, try to leave such a distance between them so that dirt does not clog the cracks.
Secure hay nurseries, feeders and drinkers in the cage so that restless animals do not have the opportunity to turn them over, splash water or contaminate food. Do not forget to wash the feeders and drinkers often, this will help protect rabbits from many diseases.
Proper care and feeding of rabbits determines their health, therefore it is very important to provide animals with a variety of high-quality food. In winter, it is useful to feed rabbits with soft, well-leafy hay, as well as spruce, pine, juniper branches harvested from the summer, brooms of birch, willow, maple, aspen, linden, ash, apple.
You can give fresh root vegetables, make mash with the addition of boiled potatoes, vegetables and bran. For fattening rabbits useful: barley, oats, rye, corn, soybeans, peas, feed, cake and bran. Include small amounts of salt, bone meal, and chalk to keep your pets healthy.
The transition from a winter diet to a spring-summer diet is carried out gradually. Start feeding the rabbits with fresh grass, but at the same time, make sure that no poisonous plants come across, the grass is not wet or rotted. You should not feed the eared the same type of grass for a long time, even if they like it, otherwise the animals will lack the necessary elements and their appetite will decrease.
Start feeding the rabbits with fresh grass, but be careful not to come across poisonous plants
One of the most important conditions in how to properly care for rabbits is to provide them with a constant supply of clean water at room temperature, since with a lack of water, the feed is less digestible. When feeding with dry food, each rabbit needs about 0.5 liters of water per day; drinkers should be filled in the morning and evening. In summer, fresh grass reduces the need for water.
For the best development of embryos, pregnant rabbits should be transferred to a more nutritious diet, and preferably a week before mating. The fodder of the female should be fresh, complete and varied, with the addition of vitamins and minerals. Also, pregnant rabbits need more water to drink.
Caring for the health of rabbits
The occurrence of non-communicable diseases in most cases depends on how you care for your domestic rabbit. If you follow the basic rules of keeping and caring for animals, nothing will threaten their health.
The occurrence of non-communicable diseases in most cases depends on how you care for your domestic rabbit.
Possible causes of noncommunicable diseases:
- contaminated water, poor quality feed, poisonous plants, high salt content in the diet lead to food poisoning in rabbits;
- feeding cabbage, legumes, frozen grass, insufficiently washed fruits, vegetables and roots can provoke bloating;
- draft and dampness in the rabbitry cause pneumonia and rhinitis;
- from the uncomfortable metal mesh on the floor and from a rare change of litter in rabbits, the soles of the feet become inflamed.
Video about the care and feeding of rabbits
The lop-eared rabbit deserves special attention - caring for it necessarily includes regular inspection of the ears and cleaning them as needed. In addition, claws on the front legs of a fold rabbit should be trimmed so that it does not brush its long ears.
As for dangerous infectious diseases, it is better not to allow their occurrence and development, since in most cases it is not possible to cure the animals, the death occurs in a matter of days. The only way out is the annual vaccination of rabbits from the first months of life. Vaccinations may require additional costs, but the result is worth it, because if the domestic rabbits are healthy, caring for them does not cause much trouble!
[Votes: 4 Average: 3.8]
For whatever purpose you have rabbits - for fur and meat or just as a pet, regardless of breed, caring for them should always be based on three main principles:
- providing pets with a balanced diet and drinking water in the right quantities
- maintaining order and cleanliness in the home of animals
- health care and regular vaccination of animals.
In fact, it is not difficult to understand the question of how to properly care for rabbits. This fluffy animal is not at all burdensome, if you know and follow the basic rules of its maintenance.
Advantages and disadvantages of the Cobb 700 cross
Like the previous cross, KOBB-700 has a distinct meat direction. A chicken cross at 1.5 months weighs 1.5 kg, at 2.5 months the weight can reach 4 kg. And then every day she will add 80g to her weight. The weight of the males is always 0.5-1kg higher than the weight of the hens. That is, the weight of chickens of this cross at the same time is higher than that of the KOBB-500 cross. Chickens lay eggs. Laying starts at 6 months and the intensity of laying does not decrease for 2 years. The larger the hen, the larger the egg it lays. Egg weight can be 70g. But you should not expect high egg production from these chickens. They have a different purpose.
The instinct of incubation in chickens of this cross is completely lost. The cross is not reproduced, since there is a splitting of signs, that is, for incubation, you need to buy an egg from trusted suppliers. Such an egg must have a corporate seal. Before incubation, eggs must be treated with a solution of iodine or potassium permanganate. In the incubator, eggs are laid horizontally. Before incubation, eggs must be warmed up to room temperature.
Newly hatched chicks should be allowed to dry in the incubator and dried chicks should be quickly transferred to a brooder. The transplant operation must be carried out very quickly, as this is a great stress for the chickens, from which they will weaken and even die. Especially in terms of the health of the future bird, the first days are indicative. Weak chicks should be discarded immediately, without wasting time and feed.
Main types of feed
In total, there are 4 groups of feed for rabbits - juicy, green, concentrated and coarse. Hay and vegetables must be given to animals without fail, fruits are usually added to the diet as a treat.
Green food is the basis of the rabbit's diet from early spring to late autumn. These include wild herbs, fodder cabbage, vegetable tops, legumes, legumes, and grain grasses. You can only harvest in natural meadows or grow grass for feeding yourself. Read more about what herbs can be given to rabbits here.
The most popular seeded herbs are lupine, vetch, winter rye, corn, barley, clover, and alfalfa. Proteins, vitamins and minerals are most abundant in cereals and beans, but it is recommended to give them in mixtures, and not in pure form.
If you give rabbits only legumes, they will suffer from bloating.
You can also use the tops of such vegetable crops as turnips, rutabagas, Jerusalem artichoke, potatoes, beets (fodder, sugar). But tomato tops are contraindicated for rabbits, you must carefully use potato tops.
Beet tops have a laxative effect, therefore they are not given to young animals, and in adult rabbits it should be no more than a third of the total diet.
About one-quarter of the diet for rabbits should be roughage that supports normal digestion. Roughage includes tree branches, hay, grass and hay flour. For the preparation of hay, the same grasses are used that are given as green fodder, drying first on the street, and then under a ventilated canopy (this prevents excessive shrinkage of the hay and its coarsening). During the period of heavy rains, the grass is mowed down a little and dried, too, in small portions.
Keep the hay green and smell good.
Dry twig food will be a good help for feeding rabbits in winter. It contains a lot of nutrients and vitamins, in addition, rabbits that eat branches are less damaging to cells. Acacia, mountain ash, aspen, elm, alder, linden, maple, raspberry, from apple, pear or hazel are suitable. But birch branches should be given to animals in very limited quantities. Be careful with stone fruit trees too - their wood contains conditionally poisonous hydrocyanic acid.
Harvest the branches at the beginning of summer, when the content of valuable substances in them is maximum, and tie them in small brooms. Brooms are dried in ventilated shady places. In winter, rabbits can be given fresh coniferous branches (they improve the condition of the fur) - they start with 20 g, gradually bringing the portion to 200 g.
Succulent feed is the basis of the diet after the onset of frost. These include silage and root crops. In those regions where melons are grown, zucchini, watermelons and pumpkins are also used. Succulent feed contains a lot of vitamins, but little fiber, proteins, which should not be forgotten when drawing up a diet.
Lactating rabbits who consume juicy feeds increase milk production.
The main crops are carrots, cabbage, potatoes, beets (fodder, sugar), squash, pumpkin, turnips, turnips, watermelon, melon, turnip. Silage is harvested from vegetables and their waste, grass, melons, tops.
Concentrated feed for rabbits has maximum nutritional value. These include:
- compound feed
- bran, meal, cake
- feed of animal origin.
The high energy value of the concentrated composition is explained by the significant content of proteins and a small amount of water. Rabbits are usually given rye, soybeans, beans, peas, oats, barley, wheat, corn.
The best way to prepare the grain is to soak and germinate or to yeast. Soaking grain with subsequent germination increases the percentage of vitamins and improves protein absorption.
Industrial waste such as dry bagasse, malt sprouts, meal, cake, bran is also used as a concentrated feed for rabbits. As for the combined mixtures, you can buy ready-made feed or prepare the compound feed yourself, because it is included in the basis of animal nutrition.
The compound feed increases the cost and quality of the diet for rabbits.
How to breed?
Currently, there are two most popular quail breeding methods:
- buying an adult bird. In this case, it is important that her age does not exceed 1.5 months, because it is from this period that the quail begins to rush. Special attention should be paid to the conditions in which the bird was kept and what kind of food the bird ate, since a sharp change in conditions can lead to upset its digestion. During the first month, it is necessary to gradually transfer the quail to the selected type of feed.
- incubation. You can bring out quail in a special incubator, and a container for 20 chicken eggs is quite a suitable option in this case. Considering the fact that quail eggs are much smaller, at least 80 of them will fit in such an incubator. Due to the small temperature difference from the center to the edges of the egg, the inside will need to be moved periodically. The incubation period is usually at least 17 days.
Having decided on the option of breeding poultry and creating all the conditions necessary for its comfortable keeping, you can proceed to the next stage - the choice of a feeding system.
The benefits of bread for rabbits
In human life, this product is an integral part of the daily diet. And given the value of this product, breeders are often interested in whether it is possible to give bread to their animals, and whether it is useful for them.
It is necessary to feed rabbits in a variety of ways, often and in small portions. And if you want to feed your pets with slices of bread, then first you need to find out if the product is so useful for them.
First of all, let's start with the fact that almost all rabbits are very fond of consuming cereals, such as:
Accordingly, given the benefits of these products, the following question arises: can rabbits be fed with bread? Which bread is better to choose for this: black or white and, most importantly, will this food be useful?
So, let's start with the decorative look of the pets. Such animals are kept as a pet, and accordingly they are not raised in order to obtain high-quality meat or valuable skin in the future. Therefore, empty carbs and other ingredients will not be good for your rabbit.
Of course, a little dried slices of bread will not harm, moreover, in small portions such a delicacy can be given as a reward during training, but nothing more.
But as for animals that are bred in order to obtain valuable fur or high quality meat, bread can be included in their diet.
It should be borne in mind that such a product can be given in moderate quantities and only of a certain quality, namely:
- it is forbidden to give any kind of baked goods that have begun to deteriorate or mold
- do not add fresh bread to the diet for rabbits, it leads to increased gas production and is rather difficult to digest
- it is not advisable to give the animals black or rye bread, since it causes fermentation in the intestines of the animal
- avoid feeding the eared buns or cookies other than oatmeal.
All of the above flour products should not be included in the diet of animals. But a little white bread and bran, which was previously dried, can be given safely.
In doing so, keep in mind one feature: after the rabbits eat such a product, do not forget about the water. The fact is that after eating bread, animals often begin to feel thirsty, so the water must always be fresh and clean.
Advantages and disadvantages
The breed was bred as universal, so it is slightly inferior to meat subspecies. But with good feeding, you can feed weighty rabbits quickly enough.
The advantages of the Soviet chinchilla:
- They quickly adapt to different weather and living conditions.
- High productivity in females.
- Due to its large size, a lot of meat is produced.
- Fur is highly valued due to its high quality and unusual color. The density of the fur is twice that of other breeds.
- For maintenance, spacious cells are needed.
- It takes a lot of grain and hay to feed.
- The farm is expensive.
If the pet has no appetite, its coat has lost its luster, and the temperature is above 39 ° C, it is sick with an infectious disease. The first safety measure is to put the infected animal away from everyone else in a separate cage in order to protect the rest of the pets. The next step is to invite a veterinarian to examine the animal.
Rodents often carry common diseases, so when keeping eared ones in the basement, do not leave the food open. It is necessary to close tightly all holes through which mice penetrate.
It is recommended to disinfect the premises at least once a week using special means. Many farmers treat the premises with lime against mold on the walls, but before that you need to consult a veterinarian whether it is safe for pets or not.
From birth, it is necessary to carry out preventive examinations and show pets to a specialist at least once every 6 months. Many diseases are easier to cure at an early stage.