Microclimate Pond Conditions: Do Ponds Create Microclimates
By: Tonya Barnett, (Author of FRESHCUTKY)
Most any experienced gardener could tell you about thediverse microclimates within their yards. Microclimates refer to the unique “miniature climates” that exist due tovarious environmental factors in the landscape. While it is no secret thatevery garden is different, these differences can even be found within the samesmall growing space.
Learning more about how yard structures can impact theclimate of the garden will help growers make the most of their plantings. Fromtopographical to man-made structures, there are numerous factors that canimpact temperature in the garden. The presence of various bodies of water, forexample, is just one factor which can significantly impact the microclimate ofan area. Read on to learn microclimate pond conditions.
Do Ponds Create Microclimates?
While it may be obvious that many larger bodies of waterlike oceans, rivers, and lakes can impact the climate of nearby land masses,homeowners may be surprised to find that microclimates in ponds can also impactthe temperature of the nearby garden.
The maintenance of natural ponds or the creation of small ornamental ponds in backyards has become increasingly popular. While these bodies ofwater are often used as a beautiful focal point in the yard, they can also bequite useful in creating a microclimate. Pond conditions throughout the growingseason, regardless of the size, can help regulate temperatures within the smallspace.
How Microclimates Affect Ponds
Microclimates in ponds depend greatly upon the amount ofwater present. Ponds and microclimates have the ability to warm or cool areaswithin the yard depending upon the location. Water has an exceptional abilityto receive and maintain heat. Much like concrete sidewalks or roadways, theheat absorbed by backyard ponds can help maintain a warmer microclimate in thesurrounding area. In addition to providing radiant warmth in the garden, pondscan also produce heat through reflection.
Though microclimates in ponds can definitely help to improveheating in the garden, they can also provide cooling during the hottest partsof the growing season. Air movement over the pond can help cool areas near thesurface of the water and provide much needed humidity in regions that areespecially dry or arid.
Regardless of the type of pond, these water features can prove to be a valuable asset in creating a microclimatethat is well adapted for heat-loving plants, as well as perennial flowers whichmay need extra warmth throughout cooler portions of the growing season.
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How do you create a microclimate in your garden?
Know more about it here. In this way, how can I make my garden warmer?
So we've done some research into how to make your garden warmer and broken it down into four main elements.
How to Make Your Garden Warmer
- 1 – Wind. Wind is the enemy of warmth.
- 2 – Heat. A garden warms up when objects absorb heat from the sun.
- 3 – Water.
- 4 – Cover.
Subsequently, question is, how do you build a tropical garden UK? How to create your own tropical garden in a UK climate
- Find a sunny, sheltered spot.
- Create an evergreen hardy backbone.
- Make the most of dahlias.
- Consider unsung heroes.
- Look after non-hardy exotics.
- Some exotic-looking plants will grow in shade.
- Use small plants in limited spaces.
Correspondingly, what are the different types of microclimates?
Microclimates are shaped by the land, soil, water, and plants. There are several important types of microclimates, including urban, coastal, forest, and upland.
How does vegetation affect microclimate?
Vegetation affects urban mesoclimate and microclimate by intercepting solar radiation, directing air movement, and affecting air temperature. A microclimate is localized climate in areas consisting of hundreds of square feet and variations of the elevation in tens of feet.
There are many factors that cause microclimates. The major ones affect the weather in your general area as well as on the location of your business property, project site and customers’ backyards. Once you understand their impacts it becomes possible to harness them to your advantage. They are interrelated and may affect each other.
Water bodies impact the surrounding climate, with larger bodies having greater impact. They are heat sinks, with a direct and strong effect on temperatures.
The sun is another obvious factor. What is important to climate and weather is the individual sunlight characteristics: amount, direction, strength, elevation and length of sun. Obviously they are also crucial for aquatic plant survival and growth, as well as water quality. Southerners may need to limit sun exposure in summer, while northerners want to extend it during most of the year.
Houses and buildings are often the strongest factors affecting a local property’s microclimate, especially when combined with surrounding paved areas. They form barriers that create protected areas away from prevailing winds. However, they may also form turbulent tunnels between structures or vortices around corners. Walls and paved areas usually absorb heat during the day that is radiated out at night. If the surface is impervious, water flowing off may accumulate, as can rain from downspouts.
Exposed properties are open to prevailing weather especially wind. (Photos courtesy USDA NRSC) [Click Image to Expand]
It’s pretty easy to see that a few small variations can produce a microclimate. In fact, you’ve likely created microclimates using old standbys like cold frames, row covers and raised beds. The idea of building a whole new microclimate may have occurred to you, too. Once you understand what’s really going on in the garden, you can use your current microclimates creatively, and even build new ones.
Microclimates offer enhanced variety in the garden, and understanding them can help you avoid planting mistakes that result in unnecessary losses. What you learn will even answer lingering questions you may have about why some plants thrive in your landscape and others don’t. Armed with good information, you can start to grow a better garden outdoors, just the way you grow great seedlings indoors.