Schefflera. Sheflera care, reproduction, photo. Scheffler's views
Houseplants Published: September 17, 2011 Reprinted: Last edits:
Genus shefler (Latin Schefflera) has up to 200 species and is part of the Araliev family. You can also find the name of the sheffler. Grows in the tropical zones of the planet.
Scheflera are small shrubs or small trees with a leaf shape that is typical of rosette plants. Shefflera leaf resembles a palm with fingers apart. The leaf is divided into parts - from 4 to 12. Sometimes this plant is called an umbrella tree, because the leaf shares of the cheflera grow from one point, which resembles an open umbrella.
It blooms quite rarely in the chef's room, but if this happens, the flowers will look like tentacles. But mostly the plant is grown because of the leaves. It will look great in large, lighted rooms. To heighten the effect, liquid wax is applied to the leaves.
Briefly about growing
- Bloom: in a room culture, the shefler does not bloom. The plant is grown as an ornamental deciduous plant.
- Lighting: bright diffused light.
- Temperature: in spring and summer - 20 ºC, in winter not lower than 12 ºC, but it is desirable to keep it within 15-17 ºC.
- Watering: in spring and summer, between waterings, the substrate should dry out to a depth of 1-1.5 cm; in winter, the soil can be allowed to dry up to a third of the depth.
- Air humidity: increased. It is recommended to spray the leaves of the chefler every other day and keep the flower on a pallet with moistened expanded clay.
- Top dressing: from spring to autumn - twice a month with mineral fertilizer for decorative deciduous plants.
- Rest period: from about November to February.
- Transfer: once every two years.
- Substrate: 2 parts of sod land, 1 part of humus and 1 part of sand.
- Reproduction: seeds, cuttings and layering.
- Pests: aphids, scale insects and spider mites.
- Diseases: due to violation of the rules of care and maintenance - root rot, loss of decorativeness by leaves.
- Properties: the chief is poisonous!
Read more about growing cheflers below.
Video about the chef
Caring for the chef at home
The best lighting for a room chef is bright, diffused light. Although the plant tolerates direct sunlight, it is still better to shade it, because direct rays can cause burns on the leaves. The plant feels most comfortable on the western and eastern windows. Green-leaved varieties can be grown on the north side. In winter, the chef needs to be placed in a very bright place. It is advisable to additionally use fluorescent lamps if the room temperature exceeds 17 ° C. In summer, you can expose the plant to fresh air, but direct sunlight should not be allowed.
In the summer, the optimum temperature for chefs in room conditions is 20 ° C. If the temperature drops at night, this will only have a positive effect on the plant. In winter, the temperature should not drop below 12 ° C. The most suitable temperature is considered to be between 15 and 17 ° C. Under no circumstances should the plant be placed near heaters.
Two days after the top of the soil has dried, the chefler should water - this applies to watering in the spring and summer. The water should be soft, pre-settle. The soil in the pot should not dry out. Watering in winter is reduced. It is necessary to ensure that the soil is not acidic throughout the year - it is dangerous to flood the plant. The water temperature must correspond to the temperature of the soil, therefore, pouring water from the tap, you need to let the container with water stand.
The air humidity should be high, so it is advisable to spray the plant every other day. Also, a pot with a room cheflera can be placed on a pallet with moistened expanded clay. High humidity is especially important if the temperature in the room with the chef is high in winter.
Fertilize the chefler with top dressing for indoor plants every two weeks: from spring to autumn.
In order for the sheffler to look like a bush, usually several plants are planted in one pot, because when pruned, the decorative appearance of the flower is reduced.
Every two years, the houseplant is transplanted to the chefler into a pot, the size of which is much larger than the previous one. They are transplanted into slightly acidic soil from a mixture of 2 parts of sod land, one part of humus and one part of sand. Be sure to drain the water so that the water in the pot does not stagnate.
Growing from seeds
Seeds are sown at the end of winter in a substrate of peat and sand (1: 1) or in a mixture of sand, turf and leafy soil (1: 1: 1). Seeds are planted at a distance of two seeds from each other in pre-disinfected soil, and the seeds themselves can be soaked in warm water before that. After watering the substrate, it is placed in a place with a temperature of 20 to 23 ° C. The seed container needs to be ventilated and sprayed from time to time. After germination, you need to wait for 2-3 leaves to appear and plant in pots. For the first 3 months, the temperature should be between 17 and 19 ° C. When the sheffler roots have enveloped the entire pot, they are transplanted into pots 8-9 cm in diameter. The temperature is reduced to 13-15 ° C. In the fall, the chef can be transferred into a pot 11-12 cm in diameter - the substrate should consist of two parts of sod land, one part of leaf and one part of sand.
Before planting almost stiff cuttings of the chefler in a mixture of one part peat and one part sand, they must be treated with a stimulant to form roots. The container with cuttings is placed on the bottom heating (it is not advisable to put on batteries). The temperature should not be higher than 22 ° C, but also not lower than 20 ° C. To provide diffused light, the container is covered with cellophane wrap. The container itself needs to be ventilated from time to time and sprayed. The temperature is lowered to 18-20 ° C after the cuttings have taken root. When the roots of the chefler's plant envelop the entire pot, transplant them into 9-centimeter pots, and the air temperature is lowered a little further - to a maximum of 16 ° C.
Reproduction by layering
To use air layers for propagation, the home chef itself must be large. A small incision should be made in the stem of the plant in early spring. The place of the incision must be wrapped with sphagnum moss soaked in nutrient solution, and wrapped over the film. The moss should be moist all the time. After a few months, roots will appear at the site of the incision, and after another two months you need to cut off the trunk of the plant just below the roots that appear and plant in another pot. The part of the shefflers that remains should not be thrown away - it must be cut off at the root and do not stop watering - shoots may appear and instead of one new plant there will be two.
It is important to know that the room chef is a little toxic, so you need to wash your hands after contact with it to prevent dermatitis.
Diseases and pests chefs
Sheflera drops the leaves. Leaves can fall off when the temperature is too high in summer. Sheflera also sheds leaves with excess moisture and insufficient temperature in winter.
Spots on the leaves of the cheflera. Lack of lighting makes the leaves look faded, and too much light leads to the appearance of light spots.
Sheflera is rotting. The roots will start to rot if the soil is too wet.
The edges of the leaves of the cheflera turn brown. The edges of the leaves will brown if there is insufficient watering and also if the air is very dry.
Pests are chiefs. Aphids and scale insects are the main pests. The spider mite is also partial to the sheffler.
Schefflera octophylla / Schefflera octophylla
The leaves of this species are distinguished by their unusual arrangement. The petioles are creamy, drooping. Lanceolate leaves are attached to them - from eight to twelve pieces. Leaves up to 40 cm in length and up to 10 in width. The glossy leaves are young green (with an olive tint) and the old ones are just light green. The color of the veins is lighter than the rest of the leaf. The lower part of the leaf is matte green.
Schefflera arboricola / Schefflera arboricola
A plant of low height. The trunk is erect, branching. The branches acquire a brownish tint over time, being initially green. The leaf length is up to 20 cm. The Amate cultivar is one of the most resistant to pest damage and requires less light than other cultivars. The leaves are bright shiny green. On green leaves of the variety Gold Capella small specks of yellow are observed, and the shefflera herself looks like a palm tree.
Sheflera radiant (star-leaved) / Schefflera actinophylla
The most common type is a gray-brown erect trunk thickened from top to bottom; brownish red long petioles; palmate-compound leaves (seven ovoid leaves, wavy edges). The leaves are bright green shiny. The main part of the leaf is darker than the vein. Leaves varieties Nova very similar to oak leaves.
- Read the topic on Wikipedia
- Features and other plants of the Araliaceae family
- List of all species on The Plant List
- More information on World Flora Online
- Indoor Plants Information
Sections: Houseplants Ornamental-deciduous Variegated plants Shade-tolerant Aralia Plants on Ш
Houseplant - ScheffleraArticle author: Pravorskaya Yulia Albinovna, 69 years old
Agronomist, over 45 years of experience in gardening
Description of the plant, some varieties, caring for the shefflera in an apartment or office, advice on reproduction and transplantation, pest and disease control.
The content of the article:
- Types for home breeding
- Home care
- Fight against harmful insects and diseases
Schefflera - the plant belongs to the Araliaceae family, which includes up to 200 representatives. Under natural conditions, shefflera most often grows in the countries of southeast Asia, the Pacific Islands, but also occurs in many countries in the tropical zones of the globe. It bears its name in honor of the 18th century German botanist Jacob Christian Scheffler. Sometimes its second name is "umbrella tree" because of the unusually dissected leaf plates, which, like the object of the same name, are held on a straight petiole and come out from one point.
Schefflera can take a wide variety of forms in nature: a tree, a shrub, a climbing plant. If the shefflera is a tree-like representative, then in apartment conditions it can reach 2 m, which is incomparable with its natural size - up to 20–40 m. Shefflera leaves are distinguished by their great originality - the appearance of an open palm. With age, the leaves of the plant become more intricate and interesting and never lose their color depending on the change of the season. "Umbrellas" of young plants can have up to 8 leaves, and already mature shefflers include up to 16 pieces in such rosettes. The sheet itself can be cut into pieces.
In the conditions of the Scheffler's apartment, it almost does not bloom, but in nature its panicle inflorescences or in the form of a brush produce small bottle-yellow flowers. But the color of the petals can vary greatly in the natural environment from white to rich wine shade. It is possible to look at the flowering of shefflers and even its fruits only in specially equipped greenhouses.
Of the many representatives of this family, only a few varieties differ in decorative leaves, and they are bred indoors.
Scheffler. Description and care of the sheffler flower
She is called a ballerina among flowers. Scientific name - cheflera... Sometimes, they write with two "f", because the flower is named after a German botanist. Jacob Scheffler devoted not a single year to the study of the southern plant. The motherland of chefs is Hawaii and southeast Asia.
Ballet is a hobby of Europeans. Therefore, the flower was called the ballerina in the West. The graceful crown of leaves cut in a circle reminds its inhabitants of a dancer's skirt. Thin trunk - ballerinas gathered in the legs. Despite the poetic associations, Scheffler's house is not always a welcome guest. Let's find out why.
Out of favor with florists shefflera fell because of superstitions and arguments of bioenergetics. The latter claim that the plant is a vampire. This scares people, and they no longer pay attention to the esoteric slip of the tongue.
The flower "feeds" only on negative energy. So that, sheffler at home - not an enemy, but a friend. The tension will go away, peace will reign in the home.
Some esotericists also note the influence of the flower on mental activity. Knowledge is better assimilated next to the "ballerina". Therefore, on the desktops and next to them it appears exactly sheffler.
Signsassociated with shrubs, partly have a scientific background. The plant is poisonous. It cannot be purchased by families with children and owners of pets, for example, dogs and cats.
Fear of poisoning could cause a negative attitude towards chefler. Flower grows straight. Some species reach 1.5-2 meters in height. Therefore, options for the location of the tree in the flowerpot on the wall, out of reach, disappear. The ideal arrangement of the plant is in a floor pot or on a windowsill.
The beauty of chefs lies in its foliage. From one point, like the spokes of an umbrella, from 4 to 12 lobes come out. In this way, leaves cheflera resemble not so much an umbrella as a palm with outstretched fingers. The analogy with the ballerina's skirt is also appropriate.
The leaves are attached to the trunk. In his youth, he is flexible. Therefore, several trees are often planted in a pot, weaving together, creating ornate compositions. However, with age, the trunk of the chefs becomes coarser. The stiff stems are no longer amenable to constructive changes.
Scheffler on the Photo can be blooming and even fruiting. This means the picture was taken in a natural habitat or an equipped greenhouse. In apartments, the plant does not bud.
The decorativeness of the bush is solely in the foliage. As the trunk grows, it rises upward. As a result, a lush "head" of leaves is high above the pot. Although, there are also dwarf species of shefler, only 30-50 centimeters tall.
Types of chefs
Sheflera belongs to the Araliev family. About 200 species can be found in nature. Among them are not only trees and shrubs, but also vines. At home, only 4 species have taken root chefs. Care behind all is pretty simple.
But, more on that later, and now - the Eight-leaf grade. It is distinguished by the creamy color of the petioles. There can be not only 8, but also 12 leaf lobes. It is important that the ends of the elongated-lanceolate leaves are pointed. Texture matters too. She is leathery.
The cover of the leaves is glossy. In youth, they are olive-colored, in old age they turn gray-green. But, the veins on the sheets always remain a couple of tones lighter than the general background.
The second most popular type is cheflera Radiant... Sometimes, she is called Star-shaped. Plates on the leaves of the plant 7. They are ovoid, with wavy edges. The foliage, like the Eight-Leaf Flower, is shiny, but the color is bright green.
It does not change throughout the life of the plant. The petioles of the leaves are cast red, attached to a powerful and straight trunk. Caudex is located at its base. This is thickening.
Only the original form of the Radiant Sheffler has a bright green tone of the leaves. There are artificially bred varieties of golden yellow color, for example, Green Gold. The Nova tree has olive yellow leaves.
There are a couple of subspecies and Arboreal shefflers. Leaves fall from an upright trunk. It branches heavily. The young trunk is green. It coarsens and turns brown with age. The leaves of the species are unpaired, that is, the number of shares in them is odd.
In the photo is a tree-like sheffler
There is an end leaf, like a mountain ash. The Gold Capella variety looks like a palm tree. The leaves of the plant are strewn with yellow spots.In the Amata subspecies, the crown is uniformly green, highly shiny. The flower is in demand due to its resistance to pests and its ability to grow in the shade. The miniature size of the Tree Sheffler is also attractive.
Finger Sheffleron the contrary, it is large. In nature, the tree reaches 8 meters in height. In indoor conditions, flowers grow up to 2 meters.
The leaves are palm-cut. Shares from 7 to 10. As a rule, young shoots are unevenly lobed. The leaf shoots are lanceolate, that is, they taper and taper upward.
Shefflera care at home
Except for Amata, all chefs need bright light. He must be absent-minded. Direct rays burn the plant. Eventually, sheflera sheds leaves... Ideally located by the windows facing the West and East.
In winter, they are rearranged to southern ones and illuminated with fluorescent lamps. But there is no place for a flower near heating devices. The air is dry there, and the temperature is higher than required. In winter, the chef needs only 14 degrees. 12. In summer, the plant is content with 20-25 degrees Celsius.
In the photo variegated shefflera
As for the humidity of the air, it must be saturated with vapors. If this is not the case, constant spraying with soft, settled water is needed. Outside of the procedures, the pot is placed in a tray with damp pebbles or peat.
Watering itself is moderate. After the top layer of the earth dries out, it takes a couple more days. Overflow is dangerous for the plant. The root system will rot. Shefler drops foliage and perishes. It is also important to maintain the temperature of the water for irrigation. Cold streams negatively affect the health of the flower.
From spring to autumn, the cheflera is actively growing. During this period, additional feeding is required. Fertilizers are taken universal, applied twice a month. In the warm season, a transplant is also carried out. The new pot is twice the size of the previous one. The bottom is covered with drainage.
A mixture of humus and turf is poured on top. You can also use artificial substrates, that is, grow a flower using hydroponics. On sale there are multi-colored, jelly-like soils. In order not to hide them, the chefs choose transparent flowerpots.
Breeding cheflers is problematic. The survival rate is low. Therefore, many people prefer to buy a bush. Although, there are three ways to grow it independently - from seeds, air layers and cuttings.
Small plants are also offered for 400-500 rubles. But, these are single bushes. Fear should not be that they fall off. Sheflera does not tolerate pruning. Instead of forming a beautiful crown, an unsightly plant is obtained.
Therefore, if you want a bushy specimen, several cheflers are purchased in one pot. There are ready-made compositions in which the trunks are woven into braids and volumetric "lattices". You will have to pay 8,000-9,000 rubles for a meter-long flower.
But, there are pots with, so to speak, a blank for the composition. Several chiefs grow apart. In this case, growers pay only for the number of plants. A pot with three sprouts is available to buy for 1,300-3,000 rubles.
Schefflera tree native to the Pacific Islands located in the northern part of Australia. Today it is the most popular representative of the genus among florists. It has original odd-pinnate compound leaves up to 20 cm in size, which are its main decoration. Varieties with spotted leaves are more valuable.
At home, keeping at a comfortable temperature: in summer up to + 20 ° С, in winter up to + 16 ° С, tree Schefflers can grow up to 1.5–2 m.
The view lends itself to cropping and easily forms the original crown. It is often grown by bonsai lovers.
Scheffler tree prefers to be in well-lit areas of the room. For some varieties, it is recommended to additionally install fluorescent lamps in winter.
The species is widely used for decorating apartments and offices. On the basis of the species, a fairly large number of various varieties were bred.
For example, graceful 'Shefflera Melanie' ('Schefflera Melanie'). It differs from other varieties and species in a particularly variegated color of spectacular foliage: from dark green to a rich light green shade.
Another variegated and popular variety 'Shefflera Trinity' ('Schefflera Trienette'). In the colors of its glossy leaves, rich green and white alternate in contrast. The closer the 'Scheffler Trinity' is placed to the light source, the more variegated its color.
Variety 'Shefflera Nora'('Schefflera Nora') we love it for being easy to care for and capable of pleasing the eye with a variegated crown.
The flower does not require special conditions of detention, so caring for the shefflera is extremely simple. This plant can be fully recommended for beginners, since it is almost impossible to harm it with a lack of knowledge. It is necessary to take care of the plant with gloves, since the shefflera is poisonous and tends to irritate the skin.
It is best to grow an umbrella tree on the east and west windows. If you only have a southern window free, then feel free to put a flower pot there, just do not forget to shade it at noon. Variegated varieties such as Bianca, Variegata, Melanie or Nora should not be placed on the north side, otherwise decorative leaves may lose their bright color. In winter, the plant must be rearranged to the most illuminated place. Despite the fact that the flower has good shade tolerance, a sharp decrease in light negatively affects its growth. In summer, the flowerpot can be taken out to the balcony or loggia, where it must be placed in partial shade.
It is undesirable to overheat the plant. If the air temperature exceeds 23 degrees, then it is better to take the flower to a cooler place or to ventilate the room more often. The optimum temperature in summer is 18-23 degrees. In winter, the flower feels good at temperatures from 15 to 22 degrees. You should not keep the sheffler in a room where the air temperature is below 14 degrees, otherwise the plant may get sick.
Schefflera is a resident of the tropics, therefore it needs high air humidity. If you have dry air, then you can turn on a humidifier several times a day or spray the plant a couple of times a day with warm water.
Overfilling is dangerous for a plant, as it can cause rotting of roots and various diseases, but it is also not worth overdrying the soil. It will be correct to water when the topsoil is completely dry. Water should be used at room temperature.
Young plants need to be replanted annually, and adult specimens every 3-4 years. The new pot should be 5 cm larger in diameter than the previous one. The soil can be purchased ready-made in a specialized store. For shefflers, a mixture for ficuses is suitable. For self-preparation of the substrate, you need to mix sod soil, humus, leafy soil and coarse sand in a ratio of 2: 1: 1: 1. You can also add 1 part birch charcoal to promote better growth. A drainage layer should be poured onto the bottom of the flowerpot. There are two ways to transplant a room sheffler:
- traditional transplantation with the removal of an old earthen coma
- by transshipment, when the drainage layer is replaced, and the earthen lump is left the same. Fresh soil is poured from the sides until the pot is completely filled.
The transplant is carried out in the spring.
You need to feed the flower with complex fertilizer for indoor plants from March to September every three weeks.
Flower pruning is usually not done, as this sharply reduces the decorative qualities of the shefflers, and the crown is formed by pinching. To create a beautiful bush, it is customary to plant several young plants in one pot, the stems of which are intertwined. Their woody, intertwined trunks look very unusual and spectacular.
Sheffler, like Benjamin's ficus, can be propagated both by seed and by cuttings. Reproduction by cuttings is the most relevant and simple at home. It is necessary to cut off large, semi-lignified processes. After cutting, they are soaked in a weak solution of Heteroauxin, and immediately before planting, the tips should be sprinkled with Kornevin powder. Cuttings are rooted in a mixture of peat and sand under the film, and the soil temperature should not fall below 20 degrees. To do this, you can purchase a special home mini-greenhouse with bottom heating or place bowls with cuttings on the battery. As necessary, the shoots are watered and ventilated. Plants are planted in small pots about 7 cm high. Some growers believe that after transplanting the plant needs high temperatures, and place the pots near heating radiators, which is absolutely impossible to do. Young flowers need constant lighting and air temperature in the range of 14-16 degrees for adaptation and good rooting. In winter, artificial lighting can be used.
Next, we will talk about how the sheffler reproduces by the seed method. Before planting, it is recommended to soak the seeds in a solution of any stimulant, and then sow to a depth of 10-15 cm. The soil for germination can be used the same as for propagation by cuttings. Further, the germination scheme is repeated. You can dive and transplant seedlings into a large container immediately after the first leaves appear. After the roots have braided the entire earthen ball, the plants can be planted in separate pots. It usually takes about 4 months to grow shefflers from seeds.
Schefflera at home can be affected by spider mites, scale insects and aphids. If pests are found, diseased leaves should be cut off, and the flower itself should be washed with soapy water. If this does not help, then you can spray the leaves with a special insecticide.
Location: Schefflera is an unpretentious plant that prefers diffused sunlight shaded from the midday summer sun. Grows well in semi-shady places (green forms). For variegated forms, more light is needed.
Young shefflers can be placed next to other indoor flowers, but adults look better when they stand alone.
Temperature: Shefflers are difficult to tolerate heat and can shed leaves in very warm rooms. The optimum temperature for these plants is around 16-22 ° C. In summer, it is advisable to take the plant out into fresh air, protecting it from precipitation and direct sunlight. Sheffler hibernates in a bright, cool place at a temperature of 14-16 ° C, a lower temperature will harm the plant. Molds with variegated leaves in winter should be kept in rooms with a temperature of at least 18 ° C.
Watering: the soil should be kept moderately moist at all times. During cold wintering, you need to water less. If the plant spends the winter in a warm place, it should be watered as in summer and the humidity should be increased. Water for irrigation is used soft, settled at room temperature.
Air humidity: the plant loves a humid atmosphere, so it is better to put the plant pot on a pallet with damp pebbles and regularly spray the leaves, and also wipe with a soft damp cloth, removing dust. When wintering cold, the humidity should be lowered.
Top dressing: feed during the period of active growth (April-September) with complex mineral fertilizers, alternating them with organic fertilizers once every 10 days. In winter, the plant is not fed.
Transfer: at a young age, the sheffler is transplanted once every 2 years, preferably in spring, into a soil mixture of turf, leaf, humus earth and sand (2: 1: 1: 1). Or use a ready-made substrate for palm trees. Drainage from expanded clay or broken shards should occupy at least 1/4 of the height of the pot. Grows well in hydroponics.
Reproduction: Sheffler is quite difficult to propagate. Propagated by semi-lignified cuttings, air layers, less often seeds.
Before planting, cuttings are treated with hormonal powder and planted in a wet mixture of peat and sand (1: 1). When rooting, cuttings are covered with a glass jar and the temperature is maintained within 20-22 ° C, or use a mini-greenhouse without air access.
When propagating by air layers, in the spring a shallow incision is made on the trunk, wrapped with wet moss and covered with a film on top. The moss is kept moist. Approximately two months after the roots are formed, the root tip is cut off and planted in a separate pot.
After you have made air layers, do not rush to throw away the rest of the plant. Cut the trunk almost to the root. Continue to water the stump from the old plant, over time it will give shoots that will grow well.
Seeds are sown in February-March. The temperature is maintained between 22-24 ° C. After emergence, the temperature should be lowered by 3-4 ° C.
Pests: with insufficient care of the sheffler, it is most often affected by scale insects, thrips and red spider mites. They settle on both sides of the leaves, on the twigs and trunk. The decorative qualities of the plant deteriorate sharply: growth slows down, the leaves turn yellow, curl and fall off, the plant dies prematurely. Inspect the plant regularly. The infected sheffler needs to be isolated from healthy plants, reduce the temperature and increase the humidity in the room. The found parasites are removed with a cloth soaked in soapy water. In case of severe infection, they are treated with actellik or karbofos (15-20 drops per 1 liter of water).
To combat sucking insects, you can also use dry mustard powder: 60 g of powder is brewed in 1 liter of water, infused for three days in a closed jar, then diluted in 20 liters of water and the plant is treated.
Possible difficulties in growing shefflers:
- Spots on plant leaves - excessive watering combined with low air temperatures and poor soil aeration can lead to disease.
- The leaves of variegated varieties fade - insufficient lighting. Variegated sheffler varieties are more photophilous.
- Leaves fall off - at temperatures below 14 ° C and in very hot rooms, the plant sheds foliage.
- The tips of the leaves are brown, dry - the air is too dry. If the room temperature is higher than 18 ° C, it is necessary to spray the leaves, or increase the air humidity by other methods.
- Brown leaf edges can appear from drafts or insufficient watering.
- Decay of roots - with a constant excess of moisture in the soil.
ground mix No. 1, specialized soil, universal soil
cuttings, seeds, air layers
Genus Scheffler,or Sheflera (Schefflera) belongs to the Araliev family (Araliaceae) and brings together more than 150 species of evergreen trees and shrubs from the tropics of Asia and Australia. It is named after the German botanist Jacob Christian Scheffler. Shefflers are prized for their decorative glossy leaves, divided into 4-16 lobes, and often decorate winter gardens, spacious rooms and office buildings. The plant has the shape of a tree or, less often, a bush. At its top, paniculate or racemose inflorescences of small white flowers appear, which can be seen only in the greenhouse of the botanical garden. In a room culture, the shefler rarely blooms.
Sheflera prefers bright diffused light, but she is able to decorate northern windows. On the southern windows, it should be protected from the midday sun. Variegated varieties are more photophilous, in the shade they lose their unusual color. Undemanding to light, the cheflera reacts painfully to drafts, sudden changes in temperature and dry air.
The soil mixture should be fertile, slightly acidic or close to neutral (pH 5.5-6.4), have good water permeability. It is made up of compost, fibrous peat and river sand (3: 1: 1.5). Drainage is required.
Throughout the year, the optimum temperature of the content is +18. + 22 ° C. But with a lack of light in winter, a decrease to +14 is possible. + 16 ° C. At +12. + 13 ° С leaves begin to fall off. It is useful for Scheflera to spend the summer months outdoors in the garden, on the balcony or terrace.
Water the chefler as the topsoil dries out (1-1.5 cm). Drying out of an earthen coma, like its waterlogging, can be detrimental to the plant. From spring to autumn, once every 7-10 days, the sheffler is fed with complex mineral fertilizer. In winter, watering is reduced, feeding is not carried out.
if there is no humidifier in the room, the chef should be sprayed at least 1-2 times a day. This is especially important during the heating season for specimens kept at temperatures above + 18 ° C. You can also place the pot on a large-diameter pallet with expanded clay filled with water.
They are transplanted to the chefler in the spring, every 2-3 years, increasing the diameter of the pot by 1-2 cm.When transplanting, you should try not to damage the roots, otherwise, in the first 3-4 days, carry out careful watering.
Sheflera is growing pretty fast. With age, the lower part of the trunk becomes bare, the plant loses its decorative effect. You can plant not one, but three copies in a pot. While the stems are not lignified, braid them into a pigtail, removing the lateral processes. Then the resulting tree with a crown will compensate for this deficiency. If you want to give a single plant the shape of a bush, in the spring, pruning is carried out by 5-6 buds or even more. Sheflera branches reluctantly and, when pinched, gives only one shoot, forming a crooked trunk.
Shefler is propagated by sowing seeds and vegetatively - air layers or semi-lignified cuttings.
Seeds, previously soaked in a growth stimulator, are sown in equal parts in January-February in the soil of sod, leafy soil and sand. Sprinkle with a layer of substrate 3-4 mm and moisten. The container with crops is kept in a mini-plate, maintaining high humidity and a temperature of +20. + 24 ° C. Picking into pots with a diameter of 4-5 cm is carried out at the stage of two or three leaves, lowering the temperature of the content to +18. + 20 ° C. Seedlings grow rapidly. As the root system develops, they are transplanted into pots with a diameter of 7-9 cm, and later - 10-12 cm, increasing the proportion of sod land in the mixture twice. The temperature of keeping young plants is +14. + 16 ° C.
To obtain air layers in the spring on the trunk in the place where it began to lignify, two annular cuts are made at a distance of 1-3 cm from each other. The bark is removed between them. The cut around is sprinkled with a rooting stimulator, wrapped in wet moss and covered with a film. Keeps the moss moist. After 3-5 months, roots are formed. When they are sufficiently developed (after another 1-2 months), the trunk under them is cut off, removing the film and moss, and the young plant is planted in a pot. Young shoots are usually formed on the remaining trunk or "hemp".
Semi-lignified cuttings, most often apical, are cut in the spring. Remove some of the leaves, leaving them only at the top of the cutting. The stalk is treated with a root stimulator and placed on rooting in a loose substrate (perlite or a mixture of peat and sand in equal parts). To maintain optimal humidity, the container with cuttings is covered with a film, the cuttings are periodically watered and sprayed. The optimum temperature of the content is +20. + 24 ° С, heating the substrate from below accelerates root formation. After two to three months, the rooted plants are transplanted into pots with a diameter of 7-9 cm, and by autumn - into pots of 10-12 cm.
Scheflera: problems and solutions
Sheflera is an unpretentious plant that is not susceptible to diseases and pests. The difficulties that arise are most often associated with improper care. In conditions of insufficient air humidity, aphids, scale insects, spider mites may appear on the leaves. Schefflera sheds leaves in response to too high or too low temperatures and overflows. Excess moisture leads to the appearance of brown spots on the leaves and, subsequently, to rotting of the roots. Dry brown leaf tips signal insufficient watering and sparse spraying. With excessive illumination, the leaves are covered with light spots, and the faded color of the entire leaf blade and elongated shoots indicate a lack of light.
Popular types of shefflera
Sheflera's finger (Schefflera digitata) has leaves, divided into 7-10 lobes, pointed at the ends and covered with bright veins. The plant is compact.
Sheflera radiant, or cheflera star-leaved (Scheffler actinophylla) - a fairly large plant with a powerful trunk and large leaves. They consist of 7-12 lobes and are covered with light veins. There are variegated forms.
Sheflera tree (Schefflera arboricola) differs in the number of lobes rounded at the ends - from 7 to 16. The diameter of the leaf blade is from 5 to 20 cm. The stem changes color from green to light brown as it grows. There are miniature and variegated forms.
Temperature +14. + 20 ° C. Watering is abundant in summer, moderate in winter (as the topsoil dries up). Frequent spraying. Shade from direct sunlight.